World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Codex Nitriensis

Article Id: WHEBN0017628731
Reproduction Date:

Title: Codex Nitriensis  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Iliad, Codex Tischendorfianus IV, Palimpsest, List of New Testament uncials, Ilias Latina
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Codex Nitriensis

Uncial 027
New Testament manuscript
Fragment with text of Luke 9:23
Fragment with text of Luke 9:23
Name Nitriensis
Sign R
Text Gospel of Luke
Date c. 550
Script Greek
Found 1842
Now at British Library, Add. 17211
Size 29.5 cm by 23.5 cm
Type Byzantine
Category V

Codex Nitriensis designated by R or 027 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 22 (von Soden), is a 6th-century Greek New Testament codex containing the Gospel of Luke, in a fragmentary condition. It is a two column manuscript in majuscules (capital letters), measuring 29.5 cm by 23.5 cm.[1]


The text is written in two columns per page, 25 lines per page, in large uncial letters.[2] It has no breathings and accents. The letters are similar to those of codices 081, 022, and 024, only that they are somewhat irregular and straggling.[2]

It is a palimpsest, the upper text contains the Syriac treatise Severus of Antioch against Johannes Grammaticus written in the 8th or 9th century. The lower text of the same manuscript contains the Iliad and the Gospel of St Luke, both of the sixth century, and the Euclid's Elements of the seventh or eighth century.[2]

The manuscript contains the tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, the Pseudo-Ammonian Sections, but no references to the Eusebian Canons.[2]


Luke 5:26 in Scrivener's facsimile

Gospel of Luke 1:1-13, 1:69-2:4, 2:16-27, 4:38-5:5, 5:25-6:8, 6:18-36, 6:39, 6:49-7:22, 7:44, 7:46, 7:47, 7:50, 8:1-3, 8:5-15, 8:25-9:1, 9:12-43, 10:3-16, 11:5-27, 12:4-15, 12:40-52, 13:26-14:1, 14:12-15:1, 15:13-16:16, 17:21-18:10, 18:22-20:20, 20:33-47, 21:12-22:6, 22:8-15, 22:42-56, 22:71-23:11, 23:38-51.[2]

Text of the codex

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type in a very early stage, with a large portion of non-Byzantine readings. Aland gave for it the following textual profile - 111 41/2 02 5s. Aland placed it in Category V.[1] According to the Claremont Profile Method it belongs to the textual family Kx in Luke 1 and Luke 10; in Luke 20 it has mixed text.[3]

In Luke 6:2 — οὐκ ἔξεστιν (not lawful) for οὐκ ἔξεστιν ποιεῖν (not lawful to do); the reading is supported only by \mathfrak{P}4, Codex Vaticanus, (Codex Bezae), 700, lat, copsa, copbo, arm, geo;[4]

It lacks the text of Luke 22:43-44.[5]

Luke 1:1-7 in Tischendorf's edition


Formerly it belonged to the monastery of St. Mary Deipara in the Nitrian Desert. In 1847 along with the other 550 manuscripts (e.g. Add. 14448) it was brought to England.[2]

The fragments of Luke were independently transcribed, both by Tregelles in 1854, and by Tischendorf in 1855, who afterwards re-examined the places wherein he differed from Tregelles (e.g. Luke 8:5; 18:1.10).[6] Tischendorf edited the text of the codex in 1857 in his Monumenta sacra inedita, volume VII, with a facsimile.[7]

The 48 extant parchment leaves of the manuscript are kept in the British Library (Additional Manuscripts 17211) in London.[1][8]

See also


  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ a b c d e f
  3. ^ F. Wisse, The profile method for the classification and evaluation of manuscript evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke, William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1982, p. 52.
  4. ^ NA26, p. 170.
  5. ^ NA26, p. 232.
  6. ^
  7. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration, Oxford University Press, 2005, pp. 79-80
  8. ^

Further reading

  • S. P. Tregelles, An Introduction to the Critical study and Knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, London 1856, pp. 183–184.
  • C. v. Tischendorf, "Monumenta sarca inedita" II (Leipzig, 1857), pp. XIV-XXII, 1-92.
  • Heiberg, J. L., Ein palimpsest der Elemente Euklids, in: Philologus 45 vol., 1885, pp. 353-366.

External links

  • Codex Nitriensis R (027) at the Encyclopedia of Textual Criticism
  • Add MS 17211 at the British Library
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.