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Chinese Taipei at the Olympics

Chinese Taipei at the Olympic Games

Chinese Taipei Olympic flag
IOC code  TPE
NOC Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee
Website www.tpenoc.net (Chinese) (English)
Olympic history
Summer Games
Winter Games

* As the Republic of China

** As Taiwan
Other related appearances
Republic of China (1932–48)

The Republic of China, commonly known as Taiwan, currently competes as "Chinese Taipei" at the Olympic Games. The ROC first participated at the Summer Olympic Games in 1932 as "China". After the Chinese Civil War the ROC retreated to the island of Taiwan and only Taiwan-based athletes have competed in its team since then. The ROC boycotted the Olympics starting from the 1976 Summer Games until it returned to the 1984 Winter Games, and started participating as Chinese Taipei.

Due to pressure from the PRC, since 1984, Taiwanese athletes have competed under the Chinese Taipei Olympic flag instead of the flag of the Republic of China. For any gold medal ceremony, the National Flag Anthem is played instead of the National Anthem of the Republic of China.

Taiwanese athletes won their first Olympic medal (as the Republic of China) in 1960, and their first gold medals in 2004.

Contents

  • Medal tables 1
    • Medals by Summer Games 1.1
    • Medals by Winter Games 1.2
    • Medals by sport 1.3
  • List of medalists 2
  • Timeline concerning Olympic recognition 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Other references 6

Medal tables

Medals by sport

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Taekwondo 2 1 5 8
Weightlifting 0 2 4 6
Archery 0 1 1 2
Athletics 0 1 1 2
Table tennis 0 1 1 2
Baseball 0 1 0 1
Total 2 7 12 21

List of medalists

Medal Name Games Sport Event
 Silver Yang Chuan-kwang 1960 Rome Athletics Men's decathlon
 Bronze Chi Cheng 1968 Mexico Athletics Women's 80 metre hurdles
 Bronze Tsai Wen-Yee 1984 Los Angeles Weightlifting Men's featherweight
 Silver Chang Cheng-hsien, Chang Wen-Chung, Chang Yaw-Teing, Chen Chi-Hsin, Chen Wei-Chen, Chiang Tai-Chuan, Huang Chung-yi, Huang Wen-Po, Jong Yeu-Jeng, Ku Kuo-Chian, Kuo Lee Chien-Fu, Liao Ming-Hsiung, Lin Chao-Huang, Lin Kun-han, Lo Chen-Jung, Lo Kuo-Chong, Pai Kun-Hong, Tsai Ming-Hung, Wang Kuang-Shih, Wu Shih-Hsih 1992 Barcelona Baseball Men's competition
 Silver Chen Jing 1996 Atlanta Table tennis Women's singles
 Silver Li Feng-Ying 2000 Sydney Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
 Bronze Chen Jing 2000 Sydney Table tennis Women's singles
 Bronze Chi Shu-ju 2000 Sydney Taekwondo Women's flyweight
 Bronze Huang Chih-hsiung 2000 Sydney Taekwondo Men's flyweight
 Bronze Kuo Yi-Hang 2000 Sydney Weightlifting Women's 75 kg
 Gold Chen Shih-hsin 2004 Athens Taekwondo Women's flyweight
 Gold Chu Mu-yen 2004 Athens Taekwondo Men's flyweight
 Silver Chen Szu-yuan, Liu Ming-huang, Wang Cheng-pang 2004 Athens Archery Men's team
 Silver Huang Chih-hsiung 2004 Athens Taekwondo Men's lightweight
 Bronze Chen Li-Ju, Wu Hui-ju, Yuan Shu-chi 2004 Athens Archery Women's team
 Bronze Chu Mu-yen 2008 Beijing Taekwondo Men's 58 kg
 Bronze Sung Yu-chi 2008 Beijing Taekwondo Men's 68 kg
 Bronze Chen Wei-ling 2008 Beijing Weightlifting Women's 48 kg
 Bronze Lu Ying-chi 2008 Beijing Weightlifting Women's 63 kg
 Silver Hsu Shu-ching 2012 London Weightlifting Women's 53 kg
 Bronze Tseng Li-cheng 2012 London Taekwondo Women's 57 kg

Timeline concerning Olympic recognition

The following timeline concerns the different names and principal events concerning recognition of the ROC Olympic team:

  • 1910: The "Chinese National Olympic Committee" is created.
  • 1932: ROC competes in the Olympics for the first time as China [1]
  • 1951: The Chinese National Olympic Committee moves from Nanking to Taipei;[1]
  • 1952: ROC team briefly withdraws from the Olympics[2] because its delegation was listed as China (Formosa);
  • 1954: IOC adopted a resolution officially recognising the [3][1]
  • 1956: ROC represented at Melbourne Games as the Republic of China. PRC withdrew from the Games in protest because in the list of IOC members two Chinese National Olympic Committees were listed;[1][3]
  • 1958: PRC withdrew from Olympic movement and from the federations governing Olympic sports. Professor Tung Hou Yi, an IOC member for the PRC resigned;[1]
  • 1959: ROC informed that as it did not control sport on Mainland China, it could not continue to be recognized as the "Chinese National Olympic Committee". All applications under a different name would be considered;[1]
  • 1960: ROC committee renamed the "Olympic Committee of the Republic of China", and so recognized.;[1]
  • 1963: Agreed by the IOC that during an Olympic Games the delegation from Taiwan should be known as Taiwan but would be allowed to use the initials "ROC" on sports outfits;[1]
  • 1968: IOC agreed to renaming the Taiwan team as the Republic of China after the 1968 Games and to its participation under that banner;[1]
  • 1976: ROC is not permitted to participate in the Montreal Games as long as it insists on the name "Republic of China," because the host country, Canada, recognized the PRC as the sole legitimate government of "China".
  • 1979: IOC recognises the PRC Olympics committee as representing China for the first time since Communist rule began in 1949. The IOC decision followed a postal ballot among 89 members. Under the IOC decision, the ROC’s Olympics committee would be: renamed the “Chinese Taipei Olympics Committee”; recognised only as a provincial body; and would no longer be allowed to use the ROC's national anthem or flag at the Olympic Games.[1][3]
  • 1980: Chinese Taipei boycotts the Moscow Games due to the decision it must use the name Chinese Taipei in international sporting events.
  • 1984: Chinese Taipei competes for the first time under the new moniker at the Sarajevo Winter Games.
  • ROC athletes have won a total of 19 medals at the Summer Games, with taekwondo as the top medal-producing sport. The ROC has never won a medal at the Winter Olympic Games.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i The Times, "The Latest Threat to the Olympics - And its all over a name", 10 July 1976
  2. ^ Werner Soderstrom Osakeyhtio, The Official Report of the Organising Committee for the Games of the XV Olympiad Helsinki 1952 PDF (30.6 MB) p. 32, Sulo Kolkka (ed.), Alex Matson (trans.), The Organising Committee for the XV Olympiad Helsinki 1952, 1952
  3. ^ a b c Chinese Olympics Committee website

Other references

  • "Olympic Medal Winners".  
  • "Olympic Committee". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2007-12-18. 
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