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Benoît de Sainte-Maure


Benoît de Sainte-Maure

Benoît de Sainte-Maure (died 1173) was a 12th-century French poet, most probably from Sainte-Maure de Touraine near Tours, France. The Plantagenets' administrative center was located in Chinon, west of Tours.[1]


  • Le Roman de Troie 1
  • Chronique des ducs de Normandie 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Le Roman de Troie

His 40,000 line poem Le Roman de Troie ("The Romance of Troy"), written between 1155 and 1160,[2] was a medieval retelling on the epic theme of the Trojan War which inspired a body of literature in the genre called the roman antique, loosely assembled by the poet Jean Bodel as the Matter of Rome. The Trojan subject itself, for which de Sainte-Maure provided an impetus, is referred to as the Matter of Troy.

Chronique des ducs de Normandie

Another major work, by a Benoît, probably identical to Benoît de Sainte-Maure, is a lengthy[3] verse Chronique des ducs de Normandie. Its manuscript at Tours, dating to 1180–1200, is probably the oldest surviving text in Old French transcribed on the Continent.[4] The standard edition is by Carin Fahlin (Uppsala), 3 vols. 1951–195x.


  1. ^ Benoît's diction, an admixture of western and southwestern traits, does not make a distinction between these two places possible.
  2. ^ Roberto Antonelli "The Birth of Criseyde - An Exemplary Triangle: 'Classical' Troilus and the Question of Love at the Anglo-Norman Court" in Boitani, P. (ed) The European Tragedy of Troilus (Oxford: Clarendon Press) 1989 pp.21-48.
  3. ^ Length 44,544 lines.
  4. ^ Alfred Foulet, reviewing Fahlin in Modern Language Notes 70.4 (April 1955), p 313.


  • C. Durand, Illustrations médiévales de la légende de Troie. Catalogue commenté des manuscrits fr. illustrés du Roman de Troie et de ses dérivés, Brepols Publishers, 2010, ISBN 978-2-503-52626-3
  • Benoît de Sainte-Maure, Le Roman de Troie, edited by Léopold Constans, 6 vols., Société des Anciens Textes Français, Paris: Firmin Didot, 1904–1912.
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