Bangladesh War timeline

The Bangladesh Liberation War started on March 26, 1971 and ended on December 16, 1971. Some of the major events of the war are listed in the timeline below.

Timeline

Interactive Timeline of the Bangladesh Liberation War

Before the war

  • March 1: General Yahya Khan calls off the session of National Council to be held on March 3 in a radio address.[1]
  • March 7: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman - leader of Awami League party that had won a landslide victory in East Pakistan in the Federal Elections in 1969, but never been granted authority - announces to a jubilant crowd at the Dhaka Race Course ground, "The struggle this time is the struggle for our emancipation! The struggle this time is the struggle for independence!".[2]
  • March 9: Workers of Chittagong port refuse to unload weapons from the ship 'Swat'.
  • March 10: Expatriate Bengali students demonstrate in front of the United Nations Headquarters and calls for UN intervention to put an end to violence on Bengali people.[3]
  • March 16: Yahya Khan starts negotiation with Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
  • March 19: Nearly 50 people die as Pakistan Army opens fire on demonstrators at Jaydevpur.[4]
  • March 24: Pakistan Army opens fire on Bengali demonstrators in Syedpur, Rangpur and Chittagong. More than a thousand people are killed.[5]

Events of the War

March

  • March 25: Pakistan Army starts Operation Searchlight in Dhaka and rest of the country, attacking general civilians, political activists, students, and Bengali members of armed forces and police
  • March 26: At 1.15 AM, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman is arrested by the Pakistani 3 commando unit.[6][7][8][9] Independence of Bangladesh is declared by Father of the nation BongoBondhu Sheikh Mujibiur Rahman few minutes before he was arrested by Pakistani occupation army. At 2.30 pm Independence of Bangladesh was declared by Awami league leader of Chittagong M. A. Hannan on behalf of Bongobondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman from Kalurghat. This is Bangladesh's official Independence Day.
  • March 27: Independence of Bangladesh is again declared by Maj. Ziaur Rahman on behalf of Father of the Nation Bongobondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.[10][11]
  • March 31: Kushtia resistance begins.

April

May

July

  • July 11–17: Sector Commanders Conference 1971.

August

September

October

  • October 13: Dhaka guerrillas kill Abdul Monem Khan, governor of East Pakistan.
  • October 28: Battle of Dhalai Outpost, Srimongol.
  • October 31 to November 3: Battle of Dhalai: Indian attack from Tripura into East Pakistan to stop Pakistani cross-border shelling.

November

  • November 9: Six small ships constitute the first fleet of Bangladesh Navy.
  • November 16: Battle of Ajmiriganj, an 18 hour encounter between Mukti Bahini and Pakistan army. A famous freedom fighter, Jagatyoti Das, is martyred.
  • November 20 to November 21: Battle of Garibpur: Indian attack in Boyra salient in East Pakistan
  • November 21: Bangladesh Armed Forces is formed.
  • November 22 to December 13, and sporadic fighting to December 16: Battle of Hilli: Indian attack on Bogra in East Pakistan.

December (The 1971 Indo-Pakistan War)

Chandpur and Daudkandi liberated.
Freedom of Bangladeshi people.
  • December 22: The provisional government of Bangladesh arrives in Dhaka from exile.

See also

References

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