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Abéché

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Title: Abéché  
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Abéché

Abéché
Main Road in Abeche
Main Road in Abeche
Abéché is located in Chad
Abéché
Location in Chad
Coordinates:
Country  Chad
Region Ouaddaï Region
Department Ouara
Sub-Prefecture Abéché
Elevation 542 m (1,778 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 76,492
Time zone Central Africa (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+1)

Abéché is the 4th largest city in Chad, the capital of Ouaddaï Region. The town is served by Abéché Airport. It has within it, the remnants of the ancient capital, including palaces, many mosques, and tombs of former sultans, all within a functioning wall.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Economy 3
  • Transportation 4
  • Education 5
  • Climate 6
  • Images 7
  • References 8

History

The city of Abéché was made ICAO: FTTC), Airport ID: AE, operated sunrise to sunset (SR-SS) with flights to N'Djaména.

On 25 November 2006, the city was taken by the Union of Forces for Democracy, a rebel group that seeks to depose president Idriss Déby. Extensive looting took place during the night. On the same day, nearby Biltine was captured by the Rally of Democratic Forces, another rebel group. A day later, both cities were retaken by the Chadian army.[3]

On 30 October 2007, the city came to international attention when 17 French volunteers working for the charity Zoé's Ark were arrested there for alleged child abduction.

Abeche is the centrum for the delivery of humanitarian assistance for approx. 240,000 Darfurian refugees living in 12 camps east of the town, in the border region to Sudan. A number of organizations opened office 2003 and 2004, e.g. UNHCR, the Red Cross, the German GTZ and UNICEF.

Demographics

Demographic evolution:

Year Population[4]
1988 40 000
1993 54 628
2008 78 191

Economy

It is surrounded by savanna and is an important cattle raising center.[2] The manufacture of camel-hair blankets is one of the industries of the area.[2]

Transportation

It has major roads connecting itself to the capital, N'Djamena, as well as Sarh, and also to neighboring Sudan.[2] The city is also served by Abéché Airport.

Education

The Lycee Franco-Arabe school is located here.[2]

Climate

Abeche is the hottest major city in Chad.[5] It gets 336 days a year above 32 °C (90 °F). Its rainy season is in mid-year, from June to September. The hottest months are from March to June. Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh). It is one of the hottest cities on earth with average year-round daily high of over 36 degrees Celsius, and an average daily mean of around 29 degrees Celsius.

Climate data for Abéché
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 33.5
(92.3)
35.7
(96.3)
38.2
(100.8)
40.2
(104.4)
40.0
(104)
38.4
(101.1)
34.7
(94.5)
32.0
(89.6)
34.0
(93.2)
37.3
(99.1)
35.8
(96.4)
34.0
(93.2)
36.2
(97.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.9
(76.8)
27.6
(81.7)
30.3
(86.5)
32.7
(90.9)
32.8
(91)
31.6
(88.9)
28.7
(83.7)
27.0
(80.6)
28.2
(82.8)
29.8
(85.6)
27.9
(82.2)
25.4
(77.7)
28.9
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 16.1
(61)
18.3
(64.9)
22.1
(71.8)
25.1
(77.2)
25.7
(78.3)
24.8
(76.6)
23.6
(74.5)
22.3
(72.1)
22.3
(72.1)
22.6
(72.7)
20.7
(69.3)
17.8
(64)
21.8
(71.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.1
(0.004)
3.2
(0.126)
12.1
(0.476)
34.6
(1.362)
98.1
(3.862)
166.2
(6.543)
53.4
(2.102)
5.1
(0.201)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
372.9
(14.68)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 0 0 1 2 4 6 12 14 7 2 1 0 49
Average relative humidity (%) 20 17 16 18 27 41 60 71 61 35 23 23 34
Mean monthly sunshine hours 316.2 291.2 300.7 300.0 313.1 300.0 254.2 226.3 261.0 306.9 312.0 319.3 3,500.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 10.2 10.4 9.7 10.0 10.1 10.0 8.2 7.3 8.7 9.9 10.4 10.3 9.6
Source #1: [6]
Source #2: NOAA (sun and humidity),[7] Climate-Data.org, altitude: 544m (for mean temperatures)[8]

Images

References

  1. ^ "World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 1 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abéché". Encyclopedia Britannica. I: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica Inc. p. 24.  
  3. ^ "Chad denies rebel move on capital". BBC News. 26 November 2006. Archived from the original on 9 September 2013. 
  4. ^ World Gazetteer: Chad Archived 9 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Chad Climate Index". Climate Charts. Archived from the original on 18 July 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "World Weather Information Service–Abeche". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved June 24, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Abeche Climate Normals 1961–1990".  
  8. ^ "Climate: Abéché - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 

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