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2010 in Afghanistan

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Title: 2010 in Afghanistan  
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Subject: 2010 in Afghanistan, 2012 in Afghanistan, List of years in Afghanistan, 2008 Kabul Serena Hotel attack, 2014 Kabul Serena Hotel attack
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2010 in Afghanistan

See also: Other events of 2010
List of years in Afghanistan

Events from the year 2010 in Afghanistan


  • On January 28, 2010, an [1]
  • Also in late January 2010, French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner explained that France will not send any more combat troops to Afghanistan, reinforcing his country's opposition to joining the U.S.-led surge there.[2]


  • The Khataba raid refers to the killing of five innocent civilians including two pregnant women and a teenage girl when US special forces raided their house on February 12.
  • The Uruzgan helicopter attack refers to the killing of a large number of Afghan civilians including four women and one child. The attack took place on February 21, 2010 near the border between Uruzgan and Daykundi province when special operation troops helicopters attacked three minibuses with "airborne weapons".
  • In early February Coalition and Afghan forces began highly visible plans for an offensive, codenamed Operation Moshtarak, on the Taliban stronghold near the village of Marja.[3] It began on 13 February and, according to U.S. and Afghan officials, was the first operation where Afghan forces led the coalition.[4] The offensive involved 15,000 US, British and Afghan troops. It was the biggest joint operation since the 2001 invasion that ousted the Taliban. The troops were fighting over an area of less than 100 square miles (260 km2), with a population of 80,000.[5]



  • President Hamid Karzai pledged that tribal leaders would be consulted before any coalition push to oust the Taliban from Kandahar, their spiritual home in southern Afghanistan.[7]
  • Insurgents in Afghanistan think last year was their most successful year of operations since 2002, according to a new Pentagon report, but US officials are increasingly confident because of the surge of American troops and believe that insurgent perceptions of their own strength will begin to change, too.[8]
  • A magnitude 5.3 earthquake struck in mountains north of Afghanistan's capital, killing at least seven people and injuring 30, officials said.[9]


The Taliban announced an increased offensive during spring and launched several attacks against International Security Assistance Forces (ISAF) and Afghan government forces. Attacks included a car bomb against a NATO convoy in Kabul which killed 18 people including six NATO soldiers and separate attacks against two of the largest ISAF bases in Afghanistan, Bagram and Kandahar Air Bases.[10][11]


  • On June 10, at least 40 civilians were killed in a suicide bomb attack at a wedding in the Arghandab District of southern Kandahar Province. Afghan authorities accused the Taliban, but they denied involvement in the attack.


international Conference on Afghanistan Kabul, 20 July 2010 . Government of Afghanistan will bring together representatives of more than 70 partner countries, international and regional organizations and financial institutions to deliberate and endorse an Afghan Government-led plan for improved development, governance, and stability. The International Conference on Afghanistan, the first of its kind in Kabul, will mark the culmination of several months of intensive study and rigorous policy debate on Government priorities implemented through national programs, to deliver on the key goals of economic growth and job creation. Building on commitments made at the recent international London Conference, the conference aims to support a peaceful, stable and prosperous Afghanistan. It will be opened by H.E. President Hamid Karzai, and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, and co-chaired by Foreign Minister Rassoul and UN Special Representative Staffan de Mistura.


  • A Christian charity said it had no plans to leave Afghanistan despite the murders of 10 members of its medical aid team and repeated that the organization does not attempt to convert Muslims to Christianity. The 10 members - six Americans, two Afghans, one Briton and a German - were gunned down after they were accosted by gunmen after finishing a two-week mission providing medical care to impoverished villagers in Nuristan province. The Taliban claimed responsibility and alleged the group were spies and tried to convert Muslims.[12]
  • Jobless rural youth are the focus of a new Afghan security plan designed to help defeat Taliban insurgents mostly in the south, east and southeast of the country. The government, which already has about 200,000 national police (ANP) and army personnel at its disposal, says it also needs local combatants to help fight Taliban insurgency.[13]
  • Mohammed Zia Salehi, an aide to President Hamid Karzai and the chief of administration for the country's National Security Council, appears to have been on the Central Intelligence Agency's payroll for many years. It is unclear exactly what Mr. Salehi does in exchange for his money, whether providing information to the spy agency, advancing American views inside the presidential palace, or both.[14]


  • The [17][18][19][20][21] to September 18.
  • The number of [25][26]
  • A U.S. and Afghan military offensive, called Operation Hamkari, focusing on the Afghan province of Kandahar was launched soon after the Muslim holiday of Ramadan, which ended September 10. The Kandahar offensive was originally planned to be launched during July, but was delayed for further preparations.[27] The offensive did not begin as one specific operation, but rather a series of operations in Kandahar City and its surrounding districts throughout the late summer and fall in 2010. Places where operations were conducted included Malajat, Zhari, Arghandab and the Horn of Panjwayi. Operations conducted in 2010 is credited with putting severe pressure on insurgent operations and increasing security in some key areas such as in Panjwayi. Unlike operations of previous years, Operation Hamkari featured the extensive use of Afghan National Security Forces, including the Afghan Border Police (ABP), led by Spin Boldak ABP Commander Gen. Abdul Razziq. Operation Bawaar was the Canadian aspect of the 2010 Kandahar offensive. It involved the hold and build in the district of Zangabad as well as the Ground Line of Communication (GLOC) project to Mushan – all in an area known as the Horn of Panjwai.


  • A US soldier is in custody following the death of a Taliban prisoner from apparent gunshot wounds.[28][29]
  • France denies any connection between its decision to remove troops from Afghanistan in 2011 and Osama bin Laden's pledge to attack French troops.[30]


  • US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton defended US strategy in Afghanistan after Afghan President Hamid Karzai called on Washington to reduce its military footprint and Taliban leaders ruled out peace talks.[31]
  • Meanwhile, the NATO Summit in Lisbon will mark a turning point in the prosecution of the war in Afghanistan as it lays out a roadmap to end combat operations by 2014, top U.S. envoy to the region Richard Holbrooke said.[32] Hamid Karzai addressed the summit, saying that he wants NATO to return control of the country by the end of 2014.[33] Before the summit, British Prime Minister David Cameron said that the "NATO Summit in Lisbon is set to mark the starting point for passing responsibility for security progressively to Afghan forces."[34] While meeting with Karzai, the members agreed to a gradual phase-out of combat operations until 2014. After that date, NATO states would continue to contribute to training and advising the Afghan National Army. Secretary-General Rasmussen said "we will launch the process by which the Afghan government will take leadership for security throughout the country, district by district."[35] Though the members set the 2014 target date, many have already stated that their withdrawals will take place outside of any NATO decision.[35]
  • Ahead of the summit, seven NATO troops died after attacks in Afghanistan on November 14, the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) said—the deadliest day for NATO forces in Afghanistan since October 14, when 7 NATO troops were killed. There have been 34 coalition casualties in Afghanistan so far this month, according to a CNN count.[36] The losses came as Afghan troops and ISAF wrapped up a four-day operation in the Pech River valley of volatile Kunar Province, not far from the Pakistan border, which may have killed more than 40 insurgents.[37]
  • Afghanistan's election commission disqualified 21 candidates from the September 18 parliamentary elections for alleged fraudulent activities, a spokesman said. 19 of the candidates were winning or leading their races, according to partial election results, while two others had failed to win seats.[38]


  • Afghanistan's election commission, defying President Hamid Karzai, certified the final tally from September 18 elections with a controversial decision to give all 11 seats in Ghazni Province, where Taliban kept the Pashtun majority from the polls, to members of the ethnic Hazara minority. The Afghan attorney general declared the publication of election results illegitimate and opened a criminal probe against officials at both election commissions (Afghan and international), accusing them of accepting bribes and falsifying vote tallies.[39]
  • US President Barack Obama made a surprise visit to Afghanistan and told cheering US troops that they are succeeding in their vital mission fighting terrorism. But after he flew in secrecy for 14 hours, foul weather kept him from a meeting in Kabul to address frayed relations with President Hamid Karzai.[40] Just days later, U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates made a surprise visit to Afghanistan to meet with officials and American troops on the same day British Prime Minister David Cameron was traveling there.[41]
  • U.N. Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Catherine Bragg said some 7.4 million Afghans were living with hunger and fear of starvation and one in five children die before the age of five.[42] Afghanistan ranks 155th out of 169 countries on the U.N. Human Development Index and civilian casualties are at their worst levels since 2001 with now 150,000 foreign troops present.[43] An exclusive Channel 4 News investigation has found that the number of war wounded civilians and children falling victim to the fighting has increased dramatically in southern Afghanistan.[44]
  • A nationwide poll by international news outlets showed drops since 2009 in Afghans' confidence in the future of their country and the ability of US and Coalition forces to protect them; they also appear more willing to negotiate with the Taliban. However, in Helmand Province where US Marines have conducted intense counterinsurgency operations, and Kandahar Province, residents said aspects of security and living conditions had improved significantly.[45]
  • Sgt. Robert Stevens pleaded guilty for firing at unarmed Afghan civilians as part of a plea bargain.[46] He was sentenced to 9 months in exchange for testifying against 11 US army soldiers, of who five face murder charges for allegedly killing Afghan civilians at random and keeping bones and skulls as trophies.[47]
  • U.S. President Barack Obama released a strategy assessment of the war that says U.S. troops are making gains, but serious threats remain and there will likely be several more years of U.S. involvement. The review also says that U.S. military operations have disrupted the Pakistan-based al-Qaida terrorist network and halted Taliban momentum in the south, but the Afghan government hasn't proved it can take over cleared areas, nor has Pakistan done enough to eliminate al-Qaida and Taliban havens. Critics said the assessment appeared to be an attempt to postpone decisions on the pace of U.S. troop withdrawals until next year, and with U.S. public support for the war at record lows the president and his aides seemed to emphasize their reduced goals.[48]
  • As 2010 ends, the inauguration of a new Parliament in just weeks threatens to worsen ethnic tensions and instability and to drive an important part of President Hamid Karzai’s political base into the arms of the insurgency, Afghans and foreign officials warn. Insecurity, disaffection and fraud, particularly in the south, left the country’s largest and most important ethnic group, the Pashtuns, with sharply reduced representation, and the disputed results have pushed the country to the brink of a constitutional crisis.[49] Meanwhile, a roadside bomb blew up next to a minibus in the Lashkar Gah-Sangin district in Helmand province on the main road running from the city of Kandahar to Herat, killing at least 14 civilians, officials said. A spokesman for the Helmand governor's office said four were wounded in the blast and the dead included women and children. President Hamid Karzai condemned the bombing as a "bloodthirsty" attack, saying the explosive was "planted by the enemy of the Afghan people." NATO described the incident as a "despicable attack" aimed at civilians.[50]

Casualties in 2010

  • With 711 Operation Enduring Freedom and International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) deaths, 2010 has been the deadliest year for foreign military troops since the U.S. invasion in 2001, continuing the trend that has occurred every year since 2003.[51] In 2010, improvised explosive device (IED) attacks in Afghanistan wounded 3,366 U.S. soldiers, which is nearly 60% of the total IED-wounded since the start of the war.[52] Of the 711 foreign soldiers killed in 2010, 630 were killed in action. 368 of those were killed by IEDs, which is around 36% of the total IED-killed since the start of the war to date.[51]
  • The UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) recorded 1,271 Afghan civilian deaths in the American-led war in the first half of 2010. It attributed 920 Afghan civilian deaths as having been caused by anti-government elements in the first half of 2010, representing 72% of the total for that period, and 223 Afghan civilian deaths as having been caused by international-led military forces in the first half of 2010, representing 18% of the total for that period. In 128 (10%) of the deaths, UNAMA was unable to clearly attribute the cause to any one side.[53]


  1. ^ "Ghani Pledges to Back Karzai in Rebuilding Effort "
  2. ^ By Tom Evans, CNN (29 January 2010). "French minister: No more combat troops to Afghanistan". Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  3. ^ Nordland, Rod (3 February 2010). "Military Officials Say Afghan Fight Is Coming". The New York Times (Afghanistan). Retrieved 9 February 2010. 
  4. ^ Chivers, C. J. (20 February 2010). "Military Analysis – Marines Do Heavy Lifting as Afghan Army Lags in Battle". New York Times (Marja (Afghanistan)). Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  5. ^ Anderson, Ben; Starkey, Jerome; Reid, Tim (16 February 2010). "Hidden enemy delays advance in Marjah". The Times (London). Retrieved 6 April 2010. 
  6. ^ "Road to Hearts & Minds". New Civil Engineer. 8 July 2010. p. 19. 
  7. ^ Ahmad, Sardar (2010-04-04). "Tribal leaders to be consulted before Kandahar push: Karzai".  
  8. ^ Lubold, Gordon (2010-04-28). "'"Afghanistan war: surge on cusp of bringing 'real change.  
  9. ^ "7 killed, 30 injured in northern Afghanistan quake".  
  10. ^ "Afghan insurgents attack key Nato base in Kandahar". BBC News. 22 May 2010. Archived from the original on 24 May 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  11. ^ Vogt, Heidi (22 May 2010). "Insurgents attack NATO’s Afghan base: It's the third major assault on military hubs in six days". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 24 May 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  12. ^ "Slayings Won't Deter Afghan Mission, Group Says".  
  13. ^ "Analysis: Doubts over new Afghan security strategy".  
  14. ^ Nordland, Rod (2010-08-26). "Mohammed Zia Salehi".  
  15. ^ ""Afghan Election Commission Postpones Parliamentary Vote"". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  16. ^ ""Afghan parliamentary vote postponed"". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  17. ^ "Afghans Announce Spring Election"
  18. ^ Ben Quinn. ""Afghan MPs snub Karzai's new cabinet - President dealt political body blow ahead of key international conference in London later this month"". the Guardian. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  19. ^ "Afghanistan Postpones Parliamentary Election by 4 Months"
  20. ^ ""Why Afghanistan's September elections ought to be postponed"". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  21. ^ ""NATO denies Taliban ascendant as Afghan toll mounts"". Reuters. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  22. ^ "Afghanistan Air Strikes Up 172 Percent". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  23. ^ "ICRC: Kandahar casualties reflect worsening security". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  24. ^ Beaumont, Peter (2010-10-13). "Afghan civilian war injuries double in Kandahar conflict". The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 17 October 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2010. 
  25. ^ "Civilian casualties doubled in north: UN". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  26. ^ "Afghans say Nato “as bad as the Taliban”". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  27. ^ "Major Kandahar offensive delayed as counterinsurgency strategy pushes forward". MinnPost. 25 August 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2011. 
  28. ^ "Breitbart News Network". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  29. ^
  30. ^ Peter, Tom (2010-10-28). "Global News Blog Osama bin Laden threatens French troops, France announces pullout from Afghanistan".  
  31. ^ "US defends Afghan mission after Karzai criticism".  
  32. ^ Allbritton, Chris (2010-11-15). "NATO summit a turning point in Afghan war: U.S. envoy".  
  33. ^ "Nato to debate Afghanistan at crucial Lisbon summit". BBC. 18 November 2010. Archived from the original on 19 November 2010. Retrieved 19 November 2010. 
  34. ^ Reynolds, Paul (18 November 2010). "What does Nato hope to achieve?". BBC. Archived from the original on 19 November 2010. Retrieved 19 November 2010. 
  35. ^ a b Dempsey, Judy (20 November 2010). "NATO Agrees to Assist Afghanistan Past 2014". New York Times. Archived from the original on 22 November 2010. Retrieved 20 November 2010. 
  36. ^ CNN Wire Staff (2010-11-15). "7 NATO troops die after attacks in Afghanistan".  
  37. ^ "Afghan sweep may have killed 40 insurgents: NATO".  
  38. ^ Mati, Matiullah (2010-11-21). "21 candidates disqualified from Afghan elections".  
  39. ^ Trofimov, Yaroslav (2010-12-02). "Afghan Panel Certifies Final, Controversial Poll Count".  
  40. ^ Feller, Ben (2010-12-04). "Obama makes secret flight to see troops in Afghanistan".  
  41. ^ "Troops get another visit, this time by Gates".  
  42. ^ "UN: 7.4 million Afghans are living with hunger and fear of starvation". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  43. ^ "U.N. launches $678 million Afghan humanitarian appeal". Reuters. 2010-12-04. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  44. ^
  45. ^ Chandrasekaran, Rajiv (2010-12-06). "Afghan poll shows falling confidence in U.S. efforts to secure country".  
  46. ^ "Army Medic Pleads Guilty for Shooting at Unarmed Afghans".  
  47. ^ Farmer, Ben (September 19, 2010). "US military in Afghanistan uncovers sadistic death squad in ranks". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 7 December 2010. 
  48. ^ Youssef, Nancy (2010-12-16). "Afghanistan progress report warns of continued al-Qaida threat".  
  49. ^ Gall, Carlotta (2010-12-29). "An Election Gone Wrong Fuels Tension in Kabul".  
  50. ^ El-Tablawy, Tarek (2010-12-30). "At least 14 civilians killed in Afghan blast".  
  51. ^ a b Operation Enduring Freedom
  52. ^ "Afghan insurgents match surge with more IEDs". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  53. ^ "AFGHANISTAN MID YEAR REPORT 2010 PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS IN ARMED CONFLICT". Kabul, Afghanistan: UNAMA, Human Rights. Retrieved 22 January 2011. 
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