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Šumadija

Šumadija
Шумадија
Geographic region of Serbia
Relief map
Relief map
Map of Šumadija region, including its entire geographical area
Map of Šumadija region, including its entire geographical area
Country  Serbia
Largest city Kragujevac
Population
 • Total 1,407,143

Šumadija (Serbian Cyrillic: Шумадија, pronounced ) is a geographical region in Serbia. The area used to be heavily covered with forests, hence the name (from šuma 'forest'). The city of Kragujevac is the center of the region, and the administrative center of the Šumadija District in Šumadija and Western Serbia region.

Contents

  • Borders 1
  • History 2
    • Middle Ages 2.1
    • Modern history 2.2
    • Contemporary 2.3
  • Cities 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Sources 6
  • External links 7

Borders

Šumadija is located between rivers Sava and Danube in the north, river Great Morava in the east, river West Morava in the south, and Kolubara, Ljig and Dičina in the west.[1] According to some interpretations (for example, physiologists such as Jovan Cvijić and ethnologist such as Erdeljanović.[2]), the northern border of Šumadija lay between Avala and Kosmaj mountain. According to that view, the capital of Serbia, Belgrade does not belong to this region.

History

Sunflower fields in Šumadija.

Middle Ages

Slavs settled the Balkans in the 6th and 7th century. In the early 9th century, the region was part of the Slavic tribal area of the Merehani, or Moravians, not to be confused with that of Great Moravia in Central Europe. In 844, the Bavarian Geographer mentioned the Merehani bordering the Franks furthest away.[3] They lived in the Morava river basin valleys and were still unconquered by the Bulgars.[3] However, after 845, the Bulgars added these Slavs to their societas (they are last mentioned in 853).[4] Šumadija was located directly northeast of Raška, the centre of the Serbian Principality; the early Serbian rulers added parts of Šumadija to their states (i.e. Časlav (r. 927–960) and Constantine Bodin (r. 1081–1101)); the whole region came under the rule of Stefan Nemanja and the Nemanjić dynasty (1166–1371).

Modern history

During the 18th century, the forests and hills of Šumadija were the refuge for the Karađorđe, the national hero of Serbia. The Second Serbian Uprising in 1815 was led by Miloš Obrenović who successfully repelled Ottoman forces and, by 1830, gained full autonomy for Serbia, leading to the independence of central Serbia after several centuries under Ottoman rule.

Contemporary

Between 1922 and 1929, one of the administrative units in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was the Šumadijska Oblast. It roughly included territory of present-day Šumadija District with its administrative seat in Kragujevac, which is the seat of the modern district as well.

Cities

Kalenić a village in Šumadija

Some of the large cities and towns in Šumadija are:

Other smaller towns include:

See also

References

  1. ^ Miodrag Milošević, Geografija za 8. razred osnovne škole, Beograd, 1994.
  2. ^ Ivić, Beleske o biogračićkom govoru, Srpski dijalektoloski zbornik, 24/1978, 125
  3. ^ a b Komatina 2010, p. 21
  4. ^ Komatina 2010, p. 22

Sources

  • "Шумадија и Шумадинци" (in Српски / Srpski). Belgrade. Retrieved 22 April 2015. 

External links

  • serbiainyourhands.comŠumadija (with Pomoravlje) on
  • Stragari - village in Šumadija

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