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Rugby union in Czechoslovakia

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Rugby union in Czechoslovakia

Rugby union in Czechoslovakia
Map of Czechoslovakia
Country Czechoslovakia
National team Czechoslovakia
National competitions
Club competitions

Rugby union in Czechoslovakia was a moderately popular sport. It was most popular in Moravia (especially Brno), Prague and Bratislava

Governing body

Czechoslovakia was a founder member of FIRA in 1934, and joined the IRB in 1988.[1]

Traditionally, Czech rugby has centred on a "section of the middle class" in and around Prague, which has been fairly small but fairly loyal to the sport.[1]

History

Moravia in relation to the current regions of the Czech Republic.

Rugby union was a moderately popular sport in Czechoslovakia

Josef Rössler-Ořovský, who introduced a number of sports in the then Czechoslovakia, among others skiing and tennis, was originally credited with starting rugby as well back in 1895.[2] He went to England and brought back a rugby ball with him. Efforts were made to play the game at the Czech Yacht Club, but a public struggle ensued, and rugby subsequently never really caught on.

Rugby union was only properly introduced to the country by the writer Ondřej Sekora, when he returned from living in France in 1926, with a rugby ball and set of rules.[1][3][4] Brno, the Moravian capital is considered the cradle of rugby in Czechoslovakia, and is where the first match took place, between SK Moravská Slávie, based in Brno-Pisárky, and AFK Zizka, based in Brno.[1] Both of these teams were trained by Sekora, who also coined Czech language rugby terminology.

Rugby in Czechoslovakia started out in 1926, with renowned writer and illustrator Ondřej Sekora a major force in promoting the game. Sekora learned the game while in France and played himself. The first rugby match in the country was played on 9 May 1926 when SK Moravská Slavia took on AFK Žižka Brno in Brno, with the former winning 31-17.

"Much to everyone's surprise, Eastern Bloc countries are among the game's vigorous participants, seemingly oblivious to rugby's capitalist class-ridden origins... Rumania, Poland and Czechoslovakia are members of the Federation Internationale de Rugby Amateur, the governing body for those countries not in the IB."[5]

1950s

1970s, 1980s and 1990s

Czechoslovakia was not invited to the first Rugby World Cup in 1987, and did not qualify for the second in 1991.

Rugby union like many other sports, was long to be connected in the public mind with the less savoury aspects of Communism:

"In fact, since the end of the Second World War, the East European (and world communist) sports system was dominated by clubs of the security forces (often in Eastern Europe bearing the Soviet name Dinamo) and the armed forces. Most sports heroes, therefore, have officially been soldiers or police officers, guardians of public order and role models for a disciplined, obedient and patriotic citizenry. So to many people, élite sport was identified with paramilitary coercion."[6]

Break up of Czechoslovakia

The breakup of Czechoslovakia led to the similar break up of its sporting bodies, with separate Czech and Slovak teams etc.

Domestic competition

National team

The SFR Czechoslovakia side was, strictly speaking, a multinational side, consisting as it did of representatives of all the various nations within the SFR Czechoslovakia.

Its successor teams are the Czech Republic national rugby union team and the Slovakia national rugby union team.

See also

References

Sources

  • Bath, Richard (ed.) The Complete Book of Rugby (Seven Oaks Ltd, 1997 ISBN 1-86200-013-1)
  • Richards, Huw A Game for Hooligans: The History of Rugby Union (Mainstream Publishing, Edinburgh, 2007, ISBN 978-1-84596-255-5)

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d Bath, Richard (ed.) The Complete Book of Rugby (Seven Oaks Ltd, 1997 ISBN 1-86200-013-1) p66
  2. ^ (Czech) Rugby Club Bystrc - Historie
  3. ^ "Významné události českého ragby v bodech" (in Česky). Czech Rugby Union. Retrieved 2009-07-24. 
  4. ^ Richards p129
  5. ^ Hopkins, John (ed) Rugby (1979 ISBN 0-304-30299-6), p8
  6. ^ ed. Brown, Archie; Kaser, Michael & Smith, Gerald S. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Russia and the former Soviet Union (2nd Ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, 1994; ISBN 0-521-35593-1), p493

External links

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