World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Piero di Cosimo de' Medici

Article Id: WHEBN0000296774
Reproduction Date:

Title: Piero di Cosimo de' Medici  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: House of Medici, Cosimo de' Medici, Magi Chapel, Mino da Fiesole, Piero de' Medici
Collection: 1416 Births, 1469 Deaths, 15Th-Century Italian People, House of Medici, Italian Bankers, Medieval Bankers, People from Florence, Rulers of Florence
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Piero di Cosimo de' Medici

Piero the Gouty
Portrait of Piero by Bronzino.
Lord of Florence
Reign 1 August 1464 – 2 December 1469
Predecessor Cosimo the Elder
Successor Lorenzo the Magnificent
Spouse(s) Lucrezia Tornabuoni
Noble family Medici
Father Cosimo de' Medici
Mother Contessina de' Bardi
Born (1416-09-19)19 September 1416
Florence, Republic of Florence
Died 2 December 1469(1469-12-02) (aged 53)
Florence, Republic of Florence
The augmented coat of arms granted to Piero by Louis XI in 1465, replacing one of the six "balls" or palle of the family arms by a somewhat larger ball showing the arms of France.

Piero di Cosimo de' Medici (the Gouty), (Italian: Piero "il Gottoso") (1416 – 2 December 1469), was the de facto ruler of Florence from 1464 to 1469, during the Italian Renaissance. He was the father of Lorenzo the Magnificent and Giuliano de' Medici


Piero was born in Florence, the son of Cosimo de' Medici the Elder and Contessina de' Bardi. In 1444 Piero married the wise, tolerant[1] and cultured Lucrezia Tornabuoni (1425–1482), a link to the old Florentine nobility.[2] All his family is probably portrayed in the famous painting by Botticelli, called “Madonna del Magnificat” (Madonna of the Magnificat), where Lucrezia Tornabuoni appears as the Virgin Mary.

During his father's life he did not play an extensive role due to his perpetual poor health, the source of his nickname. His brother Giovanni was named as Cosimo's executor, but predeceased his father. In 1461, Piero was the last Medici elected to the office of Gonfaloniere.

Upon taking over the family Medici bank from his father, Piero had a financial overview prepared. The results led him to call up a number of long-standing loans, many to various Medici supporters, which his father had let stand. This immediately drove a good number of the merchants involved into bankruptcy, and added to the ranks of those who opposed the Medici.

His time as leader of Florence was marked by an attempted coup led by Luca Pitti, Niccolò Soderini, Diotisalvi Neroni, Angelo Acciaiuoli and his cousin Pierfrancesco de' Medici, using troops provided by Borso d'Este, Duke of Modena and Reggio, and commanded by his brother Ercole d'Este (planned for 26 August 1466). Piero was warned by Giovanni II Bentivoglio, and was able to escape the coup, in part because his son Lorenzo discovered a road-block set up by the conspirators to capture Piero in his trip towards the Medici villa at Careggi; he was not recognized, and was able to warn his father. The coup failed, as did an attempted repeat backed by Venice, using troops commanded by Bartolomeo Colleoni.

In 1467 Piero had to face the war against the Republic of Venice, prompted by the Florentine support given to Galeazzo Maria Sforza, the new duke of Milan. However, the Venetian army under Colleoni was defeated at the Battle of Molinella by the league of Florence, Naples, Papal States and Milan.

He also continued the family's tradition of artistic patronage, including Gozzoli's fresco Procession of the Magi in Palazzo Medici Riccardi (in which are also present both of Piero's sons, Lorenzo and Giuliano, as well as Piero himself). His taste was more eclectic than that of his father, extending to Dutch and Flemish work.

He also continued to collect rare books, adding many to the Medici collections. Although not as brilliant a banker as his father, he was able to keep things running smoothly during his tenure.

He died in 1469, due to gout and lung disease, and is buried in the Church of San Lorenzo, next to his brother Giovanni. The tomb, created by Andrea del Verrocchio, was commissioned by his sons Lorenzo and Giuliano.


  1. ^ She raised Piero's illegitimate child with her own children.
  2. ^ Lucrezia Tornabuobi.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.