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Title: Phoenicopteriformes  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of birds, Mirandornithes, Megapaloelodus, American flamingo, Flamingos
Collection: Bird Orders, Chattian First Appearances, Flamingos, Phoenicopteriformes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Temporal range: Eocene-Holocene
James's flamingos (Phoenicopterus jamesi)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Clade: Dinosauria
Clade: Ornithurae
Clade: Aves
Clade: Mirandornithes
Order: Phoenicopteriformes
Fürbringer, 1888


Phoenicopteriformes is a group of water bird including the flamingos and their extinct relatives.

Flamingos and their relatives are well attested in the fossil record, with the first unequivocal member of the Phoenicopteridae, Elornis known from the late Eocene epoch. An extinct family of peculiar "swimming flamingos", the Palaelodidae, are believed to be the closest relatives of the modern flamingos, with the extinct genus Juncitarsus slightly more primitive than the group which contains flamingos and grebes (Mirandornithes). The foot and wing anatomy of the palaelodids suggests that they were surface-swimming birds, rather than grebe-like divers as was proposed in the past. Whether swimmers or divers, that both primitive phoenicopteriformes and their closest relatives, the grebes, were highly aquatic, indicates that the entire clade Mirandornithes evolved from aquatic, probably swimming ancestors.[1]


  1. ^ Mayr, G. (2004). Morphological evidence for sister group relationship between flamingos (Aves: Phoenicopteridae) and grebes (Podicipedidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 140(2), 157-169.
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