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Title: Paranja  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hijab by country, Sex segregation in Iran, French law on secularity and conspicuous religious symbols in schools, Islam and clothing, Fontange
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Sart woman wearing a paranja, Samarkand, Russian Empire (present-day Uzbekistan), c. 1910
Example of paranja in Bukhara c. 1998
Paranja in Samarkand c. 2001
Paranja in Bukhara c. 2005

Paranja (or Paranji) is a traditional Central Asian robe of women and girls, that covered the head and body. It is also known as burqa in other languages. It is similar in basic style and function to other regional styles such as the Afghan chadari.

The part that covered the face, known as the chachvan (or chachvon), was heavy in weight and made from horsehair. It was especially prevalent among urban Uzbeks and Tajiks.

Paranji and chachvon were by 1917 common among urban Uzbek women of the southern river basins. Less frequently in the rural areas, but scarcely at all on the nomadic steppe. [1]

Russia's October Revolution encouraged a liberation of women, and sought to discourage or ban the veil, as well as the paranja.[2]


  1. ^ Northrop 2001, p. 198
  2. ^ "Background: Women and Uzbek Nationhood".  

Further reading

External links

For analysis of and discussion of the function of the robes, and for photos of such robes, see:


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