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Oyapock River Bridge

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Oyapock River Bridge

Oyapock River Bridge
Official name Pont sur l'Oyapock (French)
Ponte sobre o Rio Oiapoque (Portuguese)
Carries 2-lane wide highway
Crosses Oyapock River
Locale Border between French Guiana and Brazil
The bridge on the Cayenne-Macapá route Coordinates W 051° 48' 14.70" / N 03° 53'

The Oyapock River Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge spanning the Oyapock River to link the cities of Oiapoque in Brazil and Saint-Georges de l'Oyapock in French Guiana. Its construction was completed in August 2011. As of April 2013, its commissioning is scheduled for December 2013.[1]

The bridge is cable-stayed, with two towers rising to 83m high, a length of 378m and two lanes of 3.50m wide. The vertical clearance under the bridge is 15 meters.[2]

The bridge is toll-free and is accessible to both vehicles and pedestrians. On the French side there is a border checkpoint (FCP) with three government controls: the Border Police, the Customs and the Directorate for Food, Agriculture and Forestry.

History

Though there were plans to build this bridge as far back as 1997, it was only after nearly 10 years of stalling and talks that a model of the bridge between France and Brazil was finally unveiled by French president Nicolas Sarkozy and Brazilian president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva on February 14, 2008.

The site chosen for the positioning of the bridge required a length of 378 meters, which includes a span of approximately 200 meters over water, and valued at R$ 62.1 million (approximately US$ 50 million).

Construction of the bridge was undertaken by a partnership between EGESA and the Consórcio Metropolitano de Transportes - CMT, both of which are headquartered in Brasília. The Professor Carlos Augusto Bittencourt Foundation - FUNCAB (based in the city of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro) was hired to oversee the environmental engineering of the project, so that the construction of the bridge does not harm the natural environment. The bridge is part of the Guianese Shield Hub of the Initiative for the Integration of the Regional Infrastructure of South America.[3] The construction of this bridge came after the signing of an international treaty between France and Brazil in July 2005. Furthermore, the connection between Route N2 and BR-156 is yet another initiative undertaken under the scope of the Brazilian government's PAC (Growth Acceleration Plan) infrastructure project.

This bridge is the first land crossing (ferries have been used historically) along the border between France and Brazil, and indeed it is the first terrestrial crossing between French Guiana and of its neighbors in northern South America. Currently, there is a good ferry that crosses the Macapá to Venezuela and Colombia with only one ferry crossing.

Though the Oyapock Bridge was to be inaugurated in early 2012 Amapá.

Gallery

See also

References

External links

France 24 - A bridge between Europe and Latin America

Gouvernement Francais Bridge on Oct. 20, 2011

Coordinates: 3°52′24″N 51°48′58″W / 3.87333°N 51.81611°W / 3.87333; -51.81611

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