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Nam Cho

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Title: Nam Cho  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Penor Rinpoche, Karma Chagme, Dzogchen, Nyingma, Namchö Mingyur Dorje
Collection: Buddhist Practices, Dzogchen, Nyingma, Tibetan Buddhist Practices
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Nam Cho

Nam Cho (Wylie: gnam chos, THL transcription: namchö) translates as the "sky/space dharma", a terma cycle especially popular among the Palyul lineage of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism. It was revealed by the tertön Namchö Mingyur Dorje, transmitted to Kunzang Sherab and compiled by the Kagyu school master Karma Chagme.

The Nam Cho comprises an entire cycle of practices ranging from preliminary practice (ngöndro) to the "pointing out instructions" of dzogchen. While Mingyur Dorje's terma are said to have originated from his visionary encounters with deities, they also include instructions based on his own insights.

By and large they cover diverse subjects such as:

  • i) ritual offerings (bsang, chab gtor, bum gter);
  • ii) funeral rites (byang chog);
  • iii) popular empowerments for long-life (tshe dbang); health (sman lha dbang); and wealth (nor dbang);
  • iv) thread rituals and protective amulets (mdos, srung ba);
  • v) rites for propitiating protector deities (chos skyong, zhing skyong, gter srung); demons (btsan / gnod sbyin / bdud); high heaven spirits (lha); mountain gods (spom ri / thang lha); nāgas (klu); and earth spirits (sa bdag);
  • vi) divination and astrology (rde’u dkar mo / spar kha / rtsis);
  • vii) preliminary tantric practices (sngon ’gro);
  • viii) tantric practices (rmi lam, 'pho ba, gtum mo, phur ba, gcod) and commentaries (rgyud ’grel);
  • ix) Pure land sādhanas (zhing khams sgrub) and hundreds of meditation practices on peaceful (zhi ba) and wrathful (khro bo) deities grouped under well-known Vajrayana cycles (chos skor), such as the Bde mchog; Gu ru drag po; Ma ning; Sgrol ma; Phag mo; and last, but not least,
  • x) Dzogchen philosophical commentaries (khrid)[1]

See also

Kunzang Palyul Choling


  1. ^ Halkias, Georgios. 2006. ‘Pure-Lands and other Visions in Seventeenth-Century Tibet: a Gnam-chos sādhana for the pure-land Sukhāvatī revealed in 1658 by Gnam-chos Mi-’gyur-rdo-rje (1645-1667).’ In Power, Politics and the Reinvention of Tradition: Tibet in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century. Proceedings of the 10th International Association for Tibetan Studies (2003) ed. B. Cuevas et al. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 121-151.
  • Ngagyur Rigzöd Editions, 1999, Oasis of Liberation
  • Migyur Dorje - Nam Cho Ngondro
  • Meisezahl, Von. R.O. (1981). ‘gNam čhos, Die Schriften des Mi ’gyur rdo rĵe (1646-1667)’. Ural-Altaische Jahrbücher, Neue Folge, Wienbaden, Harrassowitz, 1:195-226.

________(1982). ‘Die Schriften des Mi ’gyur rdo rĵe (1646-1667).’ Ural-Altaische Jahrbücher, Neue Folge, Wienbaden, Harrassowitz, 2:245-272.

  • Tsering Lama Jampal Zangpo (1988). A Garland of Immortal Wish-fulfilling Trees: The Palyul Tradition of Nyingmapa. Ithaca: Snow Lion Publications.
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