World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kicevo

Article Id: WHEBN0002647937
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kicevo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bitola, Tetovo, Orthodox Ohrid Archbishopric, Makedonski Železnici, Kičevo Monastery, Polyphonic song of Epirus, World Macedonian Congress
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kicevo

Kičevo
Кичево
Town

Kičevo
Official seal of Kičevo
Seal
Kičevo
Kičevo
Location within Macedonia

Coordinates: 41°31′04″N 20°57′56″E / 41.51778°N 20.96556°E / 41.51778; 20.96556Coordinates: 41°31′04″N 20°57′56″E / 41.51778°N 20.96556°E / 41.51778; 20.96556

Country  Macedonia
Municipality Kičevo municipality
Government
 • Mayor Fatmir Dehari
Area
 • Water 48 km2 (19 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 27,067
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 6250
Area code(s) +389
Car plates KI

Kičevo (Macedonian: Кичево [ˈkitʃɛvɔ]Template:IPA audio link; Albanian: Kërçovë or Kërçova) is a city in the western part of the Republic of Macedonia, located in a valley in the south-eastern slopes of Mount Bistra, between the cities of Ohrid and Gostivar. The capital Skopje is 112 km away. The city of Kičevo is the seat of Kičevo Municipality.

Population

The city of Kičevo has 27,067 inhabitants. The largest ethnic group is the Macedonians who constitute for 15,031 people (55.5%), followed by the Albanians with 7,641 people (28.2%), the Turks with about 2,406 (8.9%) and Roma with 4.9%. [1] Languages are Macedonian (62.5%), Albanian (28.2%), Turkish (8.0%) and Romani 0.4%.

Orthodox Christians made up 15,139 (55.9%) of the city's population according to the 2002 census, while Muslims were the second-largest religious group in the city, numbering 11,759 (43.4%).


City of Kičevo population according to ethnic group 1948-2002[2]
Ethnic
group
census 1948 census 1953 census 1961 census 1971 census 1981 census 1994 census 2002
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Macedonians .. .. 3,747 39.2 6,809 66.0 9,900 64.3 13,236 58.9 15,255 60.7 15,031 55.5
Albanians .. .. 232 2.4 681 6.6 2,284 14.9 4,516 20.1 5,902 23.5 7,641 28.2
Turks .. .. 4,749 49.7 2,079 20.2 2,041 13.3 2,175 9.7 2,175 8.7 2,406 8.9
Romani .. .. 54 0.6 0 0.0 17 0.1 304 1.3 1,235 4.9 1,329 4.9
Vlachs .. .. 4 0.1 0 0.0 0 0.0 5 0.0 15 0.1 75 0.3
Serbs .. .. 484 5.1 394 3.8 305 2.0 203 0.9 96 0.4 82 0.3
Bosnians .. .. 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 7 0.0
Others .. .. 297 3.1 394 3.5 846 5.5 2,040 9.1 451 1.8 496 1.8
Total 7,280 9,567 10,324 15,393 22,479 25,129 27,076

Name

The name of the city in Macedonian and other South Slavic languages is Kičevo (Кичево). Kičevo is first mentioned as Ouskanas (Ούσκανας) during the reign of Perseus of Macedon, during the Third Macedonian War (171-168 BC). It was known as Uskana among its Illyrian inhabitants.

The next written record of the town did not come until 1018, under the name of Kicavis, noted in one of the documents of the Byzantine emperor Basil II.[3] Under the rule of Prince Marko it was known as Katin Grad, because Marko's sister was named Katina.

It is presumed that the present name of the town originates from the name of this settlement populated by the Slavic Brsjaci tribe.

History


Kičevo was noted in one of the documents of the Byzantine emperor Basil II in 1018, and also mentioned by the Ohrid archbishop Theophilact in the 11th century.

When the region was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, Kičevo was turned into the military and administrative center of the region. Notable monument of that period is a clock tower built in the foothills of the nearby hill called Kichevsko Kale.

The activities of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) in the region of Kičevo were initiated by the priest Josif from the monastery of Bogorodica Prečista near the city, supported by many teachers from the neighbouring villages. Priest Josif and Pere Toshev formed the first armed detachment in Kičevo in 1878, led by Duko Tasev. On August 2, 1903, the citizens of Kičevo joined the struggle for Macedonian independence, led by Arso Vojvoda and Yordan Piperkata.

In 1919 Kičevo and the whole region were incorporated in the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

During World War II, Kičevo was occupied by forces from Fascist Italy. On September 9, 1943 Albanian and Macedonian partisan units disarmed the Italian garrison and took control of the city.[4]

Monuments

Monastery of St. Bogorodica Prečista (Monastery of Immaculate Mother of God) is a significant monastery near Kičevo. Dedicated to the Virgin Mary, Mother of God, the feast day of this monastery is "Mala Bogorodica", (Birthday of the Virgin Mary on the 21st of September). The monastery, dedicated to the Annunciation and lodgings for devout female monks, represents a medieval monastery that was known under the name Krninski monastery in the past.

Another important monument is the monastery of St. George located in the vicinity of Kičevo.

References

External links

  • Kičevo web site
  • Kičevo portal web
  • Kičevo blog
  • Information on Kicevo as part of the "New Economic Geography" map of the European Stability Initiative)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.