World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0010346822
Reproduction Date:

Title: Harakat-i-Islami  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 2000 in Afghanistan, Civil war in Afghanistan (1992–96)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Template:Politics sidebar title
Template:Politics sidebar below

Islamic Movement of Afghanistan (Persian: حرکت اسلامی افغانستان‎, Harakat-e Islami-yi Afghanistan) is a political party and former faction of the Afghan Northern Alliance (United Front) in Afghanistan. The movement is registered as a political party with the Ministry of Justice.[1] From its foundation to 2005, the movement was led by Ayatollah Muhammad Asif Muhsini. The movement emerged in 1978, as a political formation of non- Shiites. Initially the movement was inspired by the Islamic revolutionary ideas of Ali Shari'ati, but over time this influence waned.[2][3]

In February 2005, Muhsini resigned as leader of the movement. Said Mohammad Ali Jawid, who has served in Hamid Karzai's first cabinet in 2001, became the new leader of the movement.

In April 2005, the movement joined the National Understanding Front of Afghanistan, a 12-member front of opposition parties. However, the front soon became inactive.[2]

During the 1980s, the movement was part of the 'Tehran Eight', an alliance of Shiite mujahedin factions supported by Iran that fought against the PDPA government and Soviet troops. The movement joined the Hezb-e Wahdat, which was intended as a united Shiite political front, but soon bolted out of it.[2] During the Taliban years, it joined the 'Northern Alliance'.

After the US occupation of Afghanistan, the movement was divided into two. A dissident sector broke away, and formed the People's Islamic Movement of Afghanistan. The dissidents, led by Seyyed Hossein Anwari, were based amongst the militia forces of the movement and had a more secular political outlook.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.