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Title: Essina  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: History of Somalia, Jubaland, City-states, Heis (town), Gondershe
Collection: African Civilizations, Ancient Somalia, City-States, History of Somalia, Jubaland
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Essina (Ancient Greek: Εσσίναn) was an ancient emporium located in the Horn of Africa.[1]


Having risen to prominence in the 2nd century CE, Essina was mentioned in Ptolemy's Geographia. Several modern scholars have positioned the ancient harbour in the vicinity of the early medieval cities of Barawa and Merca in modern-day southern Somalia based on Ptolemy's work. Alternatively, it has been suggested that Essina was buried somewhere along the Benadir coast. However, due to a general lack of excavations in the area, the old city's exact geographical location is unknown.[2]

See also


  1. ^ Ptolemy's Topography of Eastern Equatorial Africa, by Henry Schlichter Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society and Monthly Record of Geography © 1891 - pg 443
  2. ^ Revue d'études somaliennes, Issues 1-7. 1986. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
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