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Title: Coullemelle  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Communes of the Somme department, Arrondissement of Montdidier
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Coordinates: 49°40′07″N 2°25′26″E / 49.6686°N 2.4239°E / 49.6686; 2.4239Coordinates: 49°40′07″N 2°25′26″E / 49.6686°N 2.4239°E / 49.6686; 2.4239

Country France
Region Picardy
Department Somme
Arrondissement Montdidier
Canton Ailly-sur-Noye
Intercommunality Val de Noye
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Nicolas Lavoine
 • Land1 9.32 km2 (3.60 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 238
 • Population2 density 26/km2 (66/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 80214 / 80250
Elevation 100–156 m (328–512 ft)
(avg. 127 m or 417 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coullemelle is a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.


Coullemelle is situated on the D109 and D188 crossroads, some 19 miles (31 km) south of Amiens.


Historical population of Coullemelle
Year 19101962196819751982199019992006
Population 305249270213215230236238
From the year 1962 on: population without double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

Places of interest

St. Nicolas Church

The main monument of the village is the St. Nicolas Church. It was built after the First World War on the ruins of the old church destroyed in 1918 by the German artillery. The church has been consecrated Mg Lecomte in 1927. The outside is decorated by many corbels and the tympanum of the west portal is remarkable. Its registration in 1994 on the French Natural Heritage Site list (ISMH) was mainly motivated by its interior of Art deco style (more precisely, the so-called Art sacré d’entre-deux-guerres, [1] [2]). The overall harmony of the monument is due to its architects Pierre and Gérard Ansart[3] and the implementation by the craftsmen of the Groupement de Notre-Dame des Arts[4] is of remarkable quality. Altars, sculptures of simple geometric forms, long sgraffito mural with mosaic inlay, punctuate a beautiful Stations of the Cross. The mosaic of Saint Nicolas at the bottom of the apse, windows, furniture and metalwork, contribute to magnify the decor.

The memorial

The monument, by architect Allard, is located on the central square in front of the school and of the town hall. It wears a large cross of Lorraine and, in low relief, two heads of helmeted soldiers symbolizing the two world wars. Left (first war) the head, surrounded by the names of the battles of Verdun and the Somme, wears an Adrian helmet. The head on the right (Second World War) has a helmet of armored car crew. It is surrounded by the names of the battles of Caen and Paris. The heads are topped with palms symbolizing the sacrifice. The monument was inaugurated in 1946. Below, on a plate, are engraved the names of fifteen soldiers died for France, eleven during the Great War and four in the second war. In addition there are names of three civilians.

Another monument commemorating World War I, is located at the center of the cemetery since 1925. The hexagonal base of the Calvary bears the names of ten people died for France. One face pays homage to "French and American soldiers killed in defense of Coullemelle in 1918."

Notable residents

  • Don Etienne Carneau[5][6][7] (1610 - 1671), writer. Celestin, preacher, translator from Hebrew, Greek, Italian, Spanish, Latin and especially writer. He was born in Chartres in 1606. He entered the orders in 1630 and became the priest of Coullemelle in 1635. Famous author in his time,[8] he published poems, elegies, political songs, stanzas, songs, etc.. His main work is probably the stimmimachie [9] (1656), a long historicomic poem dedicated to Mazarin.[10] He was in charge of the cure of Coullemelle in 1639 when he wrote an Ode addressed to Bishop Faure, Bishop of Amiens on his first general synod.[11] He died in Paris in 1671.
  • Lieutenant Cocu (1773 - 1845) soldier who served in all the campaigns of the Revolution and the Napoleonic campaigns. Soldier "of the Republic and the Empire," he participated in the combats of the 103rd Infantry Regiment for the duration of the Revolution and until 1814. He has 20 years in 1893, when military service became mandatory for a period of five years for singles of his age. For him, the military last 20 years. He joined the 103rd, build from the dislocation of the regiment of French Guards (where the famous D'Artagnan has served), which for centuries had been assigned to protect the king. He participated to the campaigns of Germany, Spain, France, Hainaut, Poland, Portugal, Prussia and Switzerland. So he fought, among others, in the battles of Austerlitz, Jena and Leipzig. Back to Coullemelle, Charles Cocu is inscribed in the tax list of years 1819-1821 as a teacher and surveyor. In 1821 it is "churchwarden of the parish factory" (member of the board responsible for the administration of the parish). Appointed treasurer, he resigned in 1826, judging himself as incompetent. At the cemetery, a monument in the shape of a truncated pyramid with carved flags, on a cubic base surrounded by four balusters, today near ruin, is engraved by the list of his military campaigns.
  • Jean-François Dubois[12][13][14] (1821 - 1901), educator, administrator, writer, founder of the Quebec Commercial Academy. Born in a family of weavers from Coullemelle, called brother Aphraates, this father of the Christian Schools was sent to North America in 1843. He headed the Calvert Hall and founded, around 1857, the Rock Hill College in the state of Maryland then run a community and founded the Quebec Commercial Academy in 1862.[15] He published numerous textbooks in French and English.[16] He then served similar functions in England, Ireland, New York and finally in France as secretary of the General House in Paris.
  • Baron Charles Tardieu de Saint Aubanet (1827 - 1902), Mayor of Coullemelle (1860-1876), naval officer and spy. Most romantic character of the village. Former naval officer, he rubbed shoulders, at commandant Rivière salon, with writers such as Alexandre Dumas. His military campaigns that had, among others, led him to the Middle East, where his ship was wrecked, and Morocco earned him admission to the National Order of the Legion of Honor.[17] He resigned from the army in 1864 and became a sort of country squire spending his time in its Amiens hotel and in the castle of Coullemelle, first owned by de la Roque his father in law. He was mayor of Coullemelle up to the beginning of the Republic which imposed him to resigned for having celebrated in England the majority of the son of Napoleon the IIIrd.[18] Meanwhile, he was appointed colonel in 1869 at the Mobile National Guard [19] (battalion Montdidier who participated in the defense of Paris). He was then found in ministries for mysterious missions. He served as spy in England and Italy [20] and was the source of discord between Georges Clemenceau and Joseph Caillaux[21] in particular for his role at the England embassy.[22][23] He has published "Quelques réflexions sur le livre de l'Armée Française" (Considerations on the French Army white book [24] from General Niel) in 1867.

See also



External links

  • Coullemelle on the Quid website (French)

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