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Chaghcharan

Chaghcharan
چغچران
Chaghcharan is located in Afghanistan
Chaghcharan
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates:
Country  Afghanistan
Province Ghor Province
Elevation 2,230 m (7,320 ft)
Population
 • City 15,000
 • Urban 31,266 [1]
Time zone UTC+4:30

Chaghcharān (; Persian: چغچران‎‎), also called Chakhcheran, and formerly known as Āhangarān Pashto: آهنګران‎), (Persian: آهنگران‎‎, is a town and district in central Afghanistan, which serves as the capital of Ghor Province. It is located on the southern side of the Hari River, at an altitude of 2,230 m above sea level. In 2014, the Government of Afghanistan formally changed the name of this town to Firuzkoh.

Chaghcharan is linked by a 380-kilometre-long highway with Herat to the west and is about the same distance from Kabul to the east and is also served by Chaghcharan Airport.

It has a population of about 15,000 who are mostly Dari speakers. However the recent data showed us population of 31,266 (in 2015). [2] it has 1 districts and a total land area of 2,614 Hectares. [3] The total number of dwellings in this city are 3,474.[4]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Medieval 1.1
    • Modern Era 1.2
  • Demography 2
  • Land Use 3
  • Transportation 4
  • Economy 5
  • Climate 6
  • See also 7
  • References and footnotes 8
  • External links 9

History


Medieval

The Minaret of Jam built by the Ghurid Dynasty

Prior to the arrival of Islam the region's inhabitants practiced various different religions including Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Judaism. The Islamic conquest of Afghanistan by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni took place in the 10th century. After the defeat of the Ghaznavids in the 12th century the area came under the control of the local Ghurid dynasty of Ghor. The Ghurid Dynasty had its summer capital, Firozkoh nearby and they constructed the Minaret of Jam there. Today the Minaret of Jam is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

In the 13th century, the Ghor region was invaded by the Mongol army who destroyed Firozkoh but left the Minaret of Jam intact. It was then ruled by the Ilkhanate until Timur conquered it in the 14th century.

Chakhcherān is mentioned by name in the 16th century Baburnama, describing Babur's visit in early 1507 while on his journey to Kabul. It was a town located in the Gharjistan region, between Herat, Ghor, and Ghazni.[5]


Modern Era

A Lithuanian medic visits a patient in Chaghcharan hospital.
A bridge in Chaghcharan

In 2004, an independent FM radio station (Persian: راديو صداي صلح or Voice of Peace Radio) came on air in the town, the first independent media in this part of Afghanistan.

In June 2005, the Georgian troops also served.

Demography

Approximately 15,000 people live in the town, making it the largest in the province. However this city population is estimated to be 31,266 in 2015.[6] The main inhabitants of Chaghcharan are Aimaq, Hazaras and Tajiks.[7]

Land Use

Chaghcharan (Ferozkoh) is located at the central region of Afghanistan connected by a highway 380 km West to Herat and about the same East to Kabul.[8] Ferozkoh is an ancient city that date back to Genghis Khan and Mongols. Ferozkoh is famous for agriculture and animal husbandry.[9]

Transportation

As of August 2015, Chaghcharan Airport, located northwest of the Hari River, one mile northeast of Chaghcharan, had regularly scheduled flights to Kabul and Herat.

The main road from Changhcharan runs toward Herat in the west and Kabul in the east. Due to severe weather, the road is often closed during winter and even in summer it can take three full days to drive from Chagcharan to Kabul.

Economy

Agriculture and animal husbandry are the primary economic activities in Ghor Province.[10]

Climate

Chaghcharān has a Dry Summer continental climate (Köppen Dsb), with snowy winters and warm, dry summers. Precipitation is low, and mostly falls in winter and spring.

Climate data for Chaghcharān
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
11.5
(52.7)
20.6
(69.1)
26.8
(80.2)
32.3
(90.1)
34.6
(94.3)
37.4
(99.3)
35.0
(95)
33.0
(91.4)
27.5
(81.5)
21.0
(69.8)
16.7
(62.1)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F) −1.3
(29.7)
0.0
(32)
8.8
(47.8)
17.4
(63.3)
21.8
(71.2)
27.3
(81.1)
29.8
(85.6)
28.8
(83.8)
24.7
(76.5)
17.9
(64.2)
11.4
(52.5)
3.2
(37.8)
15.82
(60.46)
Daily mean °C (°F) −9.4
(15.1)
−7.3
(18.9)
1.6
(34.9)
9.3
(48.7)
12.8
(55)
17.2
(63)
19.3
(66.7)
17.8
(64)
12.4
(54.3)
6.9
(44.4)
1.5
(34.7)
−4.4
(24.1)
6.48
(43.65)
Average low °C (°F) −16.3
(2.7)
−15.3
(4.5)
−3.9
(25)
2.1
(35.8)
3.5
(38.3)
4.9
(40.8)
7.1
(44.8)
5.3
(41.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
−2.8
(27)
−6.8
(19.8)
−11.1
(12)
−2.79
(26.98)
Record low °C (°F) −44
(−47)
−46.0
(−50.8)
−26
(−15)
−10.8
(12.6)
−6.0
(21.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.5
(32.9)
−2.0
(28.4)
−8.0
(17.6)
−14.6
(5.7)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−35
(−31)
−46
(−50.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 30.9
(1.217)
32.2
(1.268)
40.0
(1.575)
35.3
(1.39)
20.1
(0.791)
0.4
(0.016)
0.1
(0.004)
0.5
(0.02)
0.0
(0)
11.0
(0.433)
15.8
(0.622)
18.1
(0.713)
204.4
(8.049)
Average rainy days 0 1 6 8 5 0 0 0 0 3 3 1 27
Average snowy days 8 9 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 7 32
Average relative humidity (%) 70 71 66 56 49 39 34 32 36 44 54 64 51.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 146.4 150.2 198.6 223.9 320.6 383.9 389.4 358.0 344.7 267.7 217.9 154.7 3,156
Source: NOAA (1968-1983) [11]

See also

References and footnotes

  1. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report 2,015". 
  2. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report2015". 
  3. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report 2015". 
  4. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report2015". 
  5. ^  
  6. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report 2015". 
  7. ^ http://www.aims.org.af/afg/dist_profiles/unhcr_district_profiles/western/ghor/chaghcharan.pdf
  8. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report 2015". 
  9. ^ "The State of Afghan Cities report 2015". 
  10. ^ Ghor Province by Naval Postgraduate School, http://www.nps.edu/Programs/CCS/Ghor/Ghor.html
  11. ^ "Chakhcharan Climate Normals 1968-1983".  

External links

  • Dupree, Nancy Hatch (1977): An Historical Guide to Afghanistan. 1st Edition: 1970. 2nd Edition. Revised and Enlarged. Afghan Tourist Organization. (Chapter 32 - Chakhcharan to Herat)
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