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Young Egypt Party (1933)

Young Egypt Party
Hizb Misr El-Fatah
Founded October 1933
Dissolved 1953
Headquarters Cairo
Ideology Egyptian nationalism
Politics of Egypt
Political parties
Elections

The Misr El-Fatah (Young Egypt) Party (Arabic: Hizb Misr El-Fatah‎) was a former Egyptian political party.

History

The party was formed October 1933 as a "radical nationalist" party with "religious elements" by its leader Nazi Germany, the enemy of Egypt's occupier, Great Britain. As German power grew, it's anti-British tone increased.[1]

During its heyday in the 1930s Young Egypt's[2] "Green Shirts" had some violent confrontations with the Wafd party's "blue shirts." One member even tried to assassinate Mustafa el-Nahas Pasha in November 1937. Under government pressure, the Green shirts were disbanded in 1938. The group was renamed the Nationalist Islamic Party in 1940, when it took on a more religious, as well as anti-British tone. After the war it was renamed yet again, now the Socialist Party of Egypt. The group's one electoral success came when it sent Ibrahim Shukri, its vice-president to parliament in 1951. However it was disbanded, along with all other parties, in 1953 following the Egyptian Revolution of 1952.

After parties were allowed again in Egypt, Ibriham Shukri formed a group, the

  • Political Parties of the Middle East and North Africa Ed. Frank Tachau; Greenwood Press: Westport Connecticut, 1994
  • Young Egypt green shirts & British impeire
  • Misr Al-Fatah and free officers movement
  • Color of shirts in EgyptAl-Ahram weekly article
  • Alleged relation with Nazi Germany
  • Pro-Axis Young Egypt Party and Abdel Naser as a member
  • "Young Egypt" (Misr al-Fatah) movement members later presidents, Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar El-Sadat
  • Young Egypt and terrorism
  • Young Egypt and Wafd party

External links

  1. ^ THE ERA OF LIBERAL CONSTITUTIONALISM AND PARTY POLITICS
  2. ^ Lewis, Bernard (1999). Semites and anti-Semites: an inquiry into conflict and prejudice. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 148.  
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