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Israelite–Aramean War

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Title: Israelite–Aramean War  
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Subject: Military history of Asia, History of the Middle East
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Israelite–Aramean War

Battle of Golan Heights
Part of Israelite-Aramean War, Later Israelite Campaigns
Date 874 BCE
Location Northwest of Samaria, Israel
Result Israelite victory
Israelites Arameans
Commanders and leaders
Ahab of Israel Og of Bashan †
Sihon of the Amorites †
Ben-Hadad I of Syria
unknown unknown
Casualties and losses
no reliable estimates 127,000 casualties

The Israelite–Aramean War was a war between the Israelites and Syria, Bashan, and the Amorites. Israel took over the Golan Heights, a vital landmark.


Israel planned to take over the Golan Heights to halt the Syrian offensives at their capital of Jerusalem. However, they were put together with the Bashanites and Amorites in battle for all of the strategic land. At the Battle of Edrei, the Bashanites were defeated and Og was killed. Afterwards, the Amorites were also defeated and both Sihon and "all of his people" were killed.

Then, the Israelites came upon their main opponent, the Aramean Syrians. Syrian monarch Ben-Hadad I had a fierce standoff with the invaders. There were no reliable estimates for both sides' casualties, but some sources put Syrian casualties as high as 127,000 soldiers. Still, Ahab of Israel managed to crush the Syrians and take over the heights to complete the later conquests of the Kingdom of Israel.

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