World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

History of hurling

Article Id: WHEBN0008840856
Reproduction Date:

Title: History of hurling  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hurling, History of sports, Christy Ring Cup Champion 15 Awards, All-Ireland Minor B Hurling Championship, All-Ireland Senior B Hurling Championship
Collection: History of Sports, Hurling Culture
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

History of hurling

The history of hurling is long and often unclear, stretching back over three millennia. References to stick-and-ball games are found in Irish mythology. The game is thought to be related to the games of shinty that is played primarily in Scotland, cammag on the Isle of Man and bandy that was played formerly in England and Wales.

Contents

  • Prehistoric and early historic Ireland 1
  • 13th century 2
  • 15th century 3
  • 16th century 4
  • 18th century 5
  • 19th century 6
  • 20th century 7
  • 21st century 8
  • References 9

Prehistoric and early historic Ireland

Hurling is older than the recorded history of Ireland.[1] It is thought to predate Christianity, having come to Ireland with the Celts.[2] It has been a distinct Irish pastime for at least 2000 years.[3] The earliest written references to the sport in Brehon law date from the fifth century.[2]

The tale of the Táin Bó Cuailgne (drawing on earlier legends) describes the hero Cúchulainn playing hurling at Emain Macha. Similar tales are told about Fionn Mac Cumhail and the Fianna, his legendary warrior band.

Meallbreatha describes punishments for injuring a player in several games, most of which resemble hurling.

The Seanchás Mór commentaries on the Brehon Law state that the son of a (local king) could have his hurley hooped in bronze, while others could only use copper. It was illegal to confiscate a hurley.

13th century

Statute of Kilkenny forbids hurling due to excessive violence, stating further that the English settlers of the Pale would be better served to practice archery and fencing in order to repel the attacks of the Gaelic Clans.[4]

15th century

A 15th-century grave slab survives in Inishowen, County Donegal dedicated to the memory of a Scottish gallowglass warrior named Manas Mac Mhoiresdean of Iona. The slab displays carvings of a claymore, a caman, for playing Shinty, as opposed to Hurling and a sliotar.[5]

16th century

1527: Statute recorded in Galway City: "At no time to use ne occupy ye hurling of ye litill balle with the hookie sticks or staves, nor use no hand balle to play without the walls, but only the great foot balle."[6]

1587: Lord Chancellor William Gerrarde complains that English settlers of the Munster Plantation are speaking Irish and playing hurling.

18th century

The Eighteenth Century is frequently referred to as "The Golden Age of Hurling." Members of the Anglo-Irish landowning gentry often kept teams of players on their estates and challenged each other's teams to matches for the amusement of their tenants. Tales of colorful hurling matches from this era continue to be collected from modern Irish storytellers and newspapers of the era.[7]

19th century

The Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) is formed in 1884 in Thurles, County Tipperary under the patronage of Thomas Croke, Archbishop of Cashel and [Charles Parnell.

20th century

The 20th century saw greater organisation in Hurling and Gaelic Football. The all-Ireland Hurling championship came into existence along with the provincial championships. Cork, Kilkenny and Tipperary dominated hurling in the 20th century with each of these counties winning more than 20 All-Ireland titles each. Wexford, Waterford, Clare, Limerick, Offaly, Dublin, and Galway were also strong hurling counties during the 20th century.

  • Micheál Murphy (of the Blackrock club) is the first hurler to wear a helmet - wearing it to protect a skull injury in a 1969 Fitzgibbon Cup for UCC.[8]

21st century

As hurling entered the new millennium, it remains Ireland's second most popular sport. An extended qualifier system resulted in a longer All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, but Cork and Kilkenny have come to dominate the championship (they have won six of the seven All-Irelands so far played) and some argue that the All-Ireland has become less competitive. Pay-for-play remains controversial and the Gaelic Players Association continues to grow in strength. The inauguration of the Christy Ring Cup and Nicky Rackard Cup gave new championships and an opportunity to play in Croke Park to the weaker county teams.

References

  1. ^ "A Brief History of Hurling". 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2010-05-03. 
  2. ^ a b Humphries, Tom (5 October 2003). "Sticks and thrones". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 4 May 2010. 
  3. ^ "The history and practice of Irish hurling". Modern Brewery Age. 2002. 
  4. ^ Seamus J. King, "A History of Hurling," pages 6-8.
  5. ^ Roger Hutchinson, "Camanachd! The Story of Shinty," pages 27, 28.
  6. ^ Seamus J. King, "A History of Hurling," page 8.
  7. ^ Seamus J. King, "A History of Hurling," pages 10-28.
  8. ^ McEvoy, Enda; Kieran Shannon, Dave Hannigan (and PJ Cunningham, Malachy Clerkin and Pat Nugent) (4 January 2009). "125 Most Influential People In GAA History".  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.