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Intifada (انتفاضة intifāḍah) is an Arabic word which literally means "shaking off", though it is popularly translated into English as "uprising", "resistance", or "rebellion". Intifāḍat ("uprising of"), which is the same word in the construct state, should not to be confused with the Arabic plural intifāḍāt (انتفاضات). It is often used as a term for popular resistance to oppression.

Intifada may refer to these historical events:

  • October Revolution, a series of strikes, riots, and demonstrations in Sudan, that ended with the dissolution of the Abbud Military regime and the beginning of second civilian rule in 1964
  • March Intifada, a leftist uprising against the British colonial presence in Bahrain in March 1965
  • Zemla Intifada, against Spanish colonial rule in then Spanish Sahara, in June 1970
  • First Palestinian Intifada, a Palestinian uprising against Israel lasting from December 1987 to 1993
  • 1990s uprising in Bahrain, an uprising demanding a return to democratic rule, also known as the 1990s Intifada
  • 1991 uprisings in Iraq against Saddam Hussein
  • First Sahrawi Intifada - protests in Moroccan Southern Provinces by Sahrawi acitvists (Western Sahara)
  • Second Palestinian Intifada, a period of intensified Israeli–Palestinian violence, which began in late September 2000 and ended around 2005
  • Cedar Revolution or "Intifada of Independence", the events in Lebanon after Rafiq Hariri's 2005 assassination
  • 2005 civil unrest in France, also named the "2005 French Intifada"
  • Independence Intifada or Second Sahrawi Intifada, demonstrations and riots in Southern Morocco and Western Sahara beginning in May 2005
  • Arab Spring, a revolutionary wave which began on 18 December 2010 in Tunisia
  • Silent Intifada, a series of violent acts and attacks in Jerusalem in 2014

See also

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