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Yaounde

Yaoundé

Yaoundé, Cameroon
Yaoundé
Yaoundé
Map of Cameroon showing the location of Yaoundé.

Coordinates: 3°52′N 11°31′E / 3.867°N 11.517°E / 3.867; 11.517Coordinates: 3°52′N 11°31′E / 3.867°N 11.517°E / 3.867; 11.517

Region Centre
Department Mfoundi
Area
 • Total 180 km2 (70 sq mi)
Elevation 726 m (2,382 ft)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Total 2,440,462
 • Density 14,000/km2 (35,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+1)

Yaoundé (/ˌjɑːnˈd/ or /jaːˈʊndeɪ/, French pronunciation: ​[ja.un.de]) is the capital of Cameroon and, with a population of approximately 2.5 million, the second largest city in the country after the port city Douala. It lies in the center of the nation at an elevation of about 750 metres (2,500 ft) above sea level.

History

Yaoundé was founded in 1888 by German traders under the name Jaunde as a base for the ivory trade and as an agricultural research station. It was occupied by Belgian troops during World War I. After Germany's defeat, France became the colonial power in eastern Cameroon. Yaoundé consequently became the capital of French Cameroon, and continued as the capital of the Republic of Cameroon at independence.

Economy

Most of Yaounde's economy is centered around the administrative structure of the civil service and the diplomatic services. Due to these high profile central structures, Yaounde enjoys a relative higher standard of living and security compared to the rest of Cameroon.

Major industries in Yaoundé include tobacco, dairy products, beer, clay, glass goods, and lumber. It is also a regional distribution center for coffee, cocoa, copra, sugar cane, and rubber.




Places of interest

The city centre houses government offices, some hotels, and the central market. The Bastos neighbourhood, with most homes owned by Cameroonians, is home to foreign embassies and the expatriate European community (drawn mainly from the diplomatic corps).The presidential palace and compound is in the Etoudi neighborhood.


Also found in Yaoundé are:

  • the Cameroon Art Museum (located in a former Benedictine monastery)
  • the Cameroon National Museum (located in the former presidential palace)
  • the Afhemi Museum
  • the Reunification Monument
  • the Sport Palace (Palais des Sports)

There is a small zoo in the Mvog-Betsi neighbourhood. Yaoundé has a small assortment of nightclubs and restaurants.

A distance outside Yaoundé is the NGO Ape Action Africa, which rescues and rehabilitates Great Apes threatened with extinction by the illegal bushmeat and deforestation trades.

Climate

Yaoundé features a tropical wet and dry climate with constant temperatures throughout the year. However, primarily due to the altitude, temperatures are not quite as hot as one would expect for a city located near the equator. Yaoundé features a lengthy wet season, covering a ten month span between February and November. However, there is a noticeable decrease in precipitation within the wet season, seen during the months of July and August, almost giving the city the appearance of having two separate rainy seasons. It’s primarily due to the relative lull in precipitation during these two months that Yaoundé features a tropical wet and dry climate, as opposed to a tropical monsoon climate.

Climate data for Yaoundé
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33
(91)
33
(91)
33
(91)
36
(97)
34
(93)
32
(90)
31
(88)
34
(93)
31
(88)
33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
36
(97)
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
31.0
(87.8)
30.4
(86.7)
29.6
(85.3)
28.8
(83.8)
27.7
(81.9)
26.5
(79.7)
26.5
(79.7)
27.5
(81.5)
27.8
(82)
28.1
(82.6)
28.5
(83.3)
28.5
(83.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.6
(76.3)
25.7
(78.3)
25.4
(77.7)
25.0
(77)
24.5
(76.1)
23.8
(74.8)
23.2
(73.8)
22.9
(73.2)
23.4
(74.1)
23.5
(74.3)
23.9
(75)
24.0
(75.2)
24.16
(75.48)
Average low °C (°F) 19.6
(67.3)
20.3
(68.5)
20.3
(68.5)
20.3
(68.5)
20.2
(68.4)
19.9
(67.8)
19.9
(67.8)
19.3
(66.7)
19.3
(66.7)
19.2
(66.6)
19.6
(67.3)
19.5
(67.1)
19.78
(67.6)
Record low °C (°F) 14
(57)
15
(59)
16
(61)
15
(59)
16
(61)
15
(59)
16
(61)
16
(61)
15
(59)
15
(59)
17
(63)
16
(61)
14
(57)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19.0
(0.748)
42.8
(1.685)
124.9
(4.917)
171.3
(6.744)
199.3
(7.846)
157.1
(6.185)
74.2
(2.921)
113.7
(4.476)
232.3
(9.146)
293.6
(11.559)
94.3
(3.713)
18.6
(0.732)
1,541.1
(60.672)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3 4 12 14 17 14 11 12 20 23 11 3 144
 % humidity 79.5 79.5 81.0 82.0 84.0 85.0 85.5 86.0 85.5 85.0 82.0 79.0 82.83
Mean monthly sunshine hours 170.5 180.8 170.5 165.0 167.4 126.0 96.1 86.8 102.0 130.2 168.0 182.9 1,746.2
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization[4]Hong Kong Observatory (sun 1961-1990)[5]
Source #2: BBC Weather [6]

Transportation


Yaoundé Nsimalen International Airport is a major civilian hub, while nearby Yaoundé Airport is used by the military. Railway lines run west to the port city of Douala and north to N'Gaoundéré. Many bus companies operate from the city; particularly in the Nsam and Mvan neighborhoods. Frequent bus runs occur along the road between Yaoundé and Douala, which has witnessed several fatal accidents. Travel time by road between Douala and Yaounde is approximately 3 hours. Traffic in the city can be heavy during weekdays, but is very light during the weekends.Yaounde has made a great progress in infrastructure especially road construction.

Markets


There are numerous markets in the city, ranging from small street-side markets to the large Mfoundi and Mokolo market. There are also some supermarkets (e.g. the locally owned 'Rayco' and 'Mahima' and the Franch-owned Casino) situated in the city centre.

Education

Cameroon is a bilingual country, where English and French are both official languages; therefore in the city there is a coexistence of French sub-educational system schools, where the degree giving access to university is baccalaureate, and all the education is in French, and the English sub-educational system schools, where the degree giving access to university is the GCE Advanced level. There are two American schools in Cameroon, the American School of Yaounde (ASOY) and Rain Forest International School (RFIS) and one Turkish School, The Amity College/School . Yaoundé is the site of several universities: the University of Yaoundé I, the University of Yaoundé II (on a campus outside of town), the Protestant University of Central Africa (UPAC) and the Catholic University of Central Africa (UCAC). Several of the nation's professional schools are also located in Yaounde ( Higher Teacher's training college, Ecole Militaire InterArmes du Cameroun) as well as various schools for engineers, nurses and diplomats).

Healthcare

The largest hospital is the Central Hospital of Yaoundé (Hôpital Central de Yaounde) with 650 beds.[7] Yaoundé General Hospital (Hôpital Général de Yaoundé - HGY) had 302 beds when it was built in 1985.[8] Other hospitals are the Yaoundé Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Pediatrics Hospital (Hôpital Gynéco Obstetrique et Pédiatrique de Yaoundé - HGOPY) and the University Hospital Center of Yaoundé (Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Yaoundé - CHU).

Sports

The national football (soccer) team plays some of its home matches in the Ahmadou Ahidjo stadium and the football clubs Canon Yaoundé, Impôts FC and Tonnerre Yaoundé are all based in the city. The Grand Prix Chantal Biya, a mean's road bicycle racing event on the UCI Africa Tour starts and finishes in Yaoundé.

In Yaounde is also based the National Institute of Youth and Sport, this school trained the government worker, who will be in charged of sport all across the country during their career.

References

External links

  • Image of Yaoundé from Google Earth
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