World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Wilfried Martens

Article Id: WHEBN0000358955
Reproduction Date:

Title: Wilfried Martens  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mark Eyskens, Guy Verhofstadt, European People's Party, Jean-Claude Juncker, Alfons Verplaetse
Collection: 1936 Births, 2013 Deaths, Belgian Ministers of State, Cancer Deaths in Belgium, Catholic University of Leuven Alumni (Pre-1968), Christen-Democratisch En Vlaams Politicians, Deaths from Pancreatic Cancer, European People's Party Meps, Flemish Activists, Flemish Politicians, Harvard University Alumni, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of the Falcon, Meps for Belgium 1994–99, Prime Ministers of Belgium, Recipients of the Leopold-Kunschak-Prize, Recipients of the Order of Leopold (Belgium)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Wilfried Martens

Wilfried Martens
President of the European People's Party
In office
1990 – 9 October 2013
Preceded by Jacques Santer
Succeeded by Joseph Daul
Prime Minister of Belgium
In office
17 December 1981 – 7 March 1992
Monarch Baudouin
Preceded by Mark Eyskens
Succeeded by Jean-Luc Dehaene
In office
3 April 1979 – 31 March 1981
Monarch Baudouin
Preceded by Paul Vanden Boeynants
Succeeded by Mark Eyskens
Leader of the European People's Party-European Democrats
In office
20 July 1994 – 20 July 1999
Preceded by Leo Tindemans
Succeeded by Hans-Gert Pöttering
Personal details
Born Wilfried Achiel Emma Martens
(1936-04-19)19 April 1936
Sleidinge, Belgium
Died 9 October 2013(2013-10-09) (aged 77)
Lokeren, Belgium
Political party Christian Democratic and Flemish
Spouse(s) Lieve Verschroeven (1962–Div. 1997)
Ilse Schouteden (1998–Div. 2007)
Miet Smet (2008–2013, his death)
Children 5
Alma mater Catholic University of Leuven
Harvard University
Religion Roman Catholicism
Website Official website

Wilfried Achiel Emma Martens (Dutch: ; 19 April 1936 – 9 October 2013) was a Belgian politician. He was born in Sleidinge (East Flanders). During his political career, Martens served as the Prime Minister of Belgium from 3 April 1979 to 6 April 1981 and 17 December 1981 to 7 March 1992.

Contents

  • Political career 1
  • Private life 2
  • Death and tributes 3
  • Honours 4
    • Foreign honours 4.1
  • See also 5
  • Publications 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Political career

Martens was a Chair of the Belgian Christian People's Party (now renamed Christian Democratic and Flemish party, CD&V) from 1972 to 1979, sitting as a Deputy in the Belgian Chamber of Representatives (federal parliament) from 1974 to 1991, and serving as a Senator from 1991 to 1994.

Wilfried Martens served as Prime Minister in nine coalition governments (Martens I-IX) from 3 April 1979 to 6 April 1981 and 17 December 1981 to 7 March 1992. His period in office was dominated by the economic crisis of the 1980s and the state reforms of 1980 and 1988 which set Belgium on a path to federalism.

He co-founded the European People's Party (EPP) in 1976 and was EPP President from 1992 until his death.

From 1993 he was President of the European Union of Christian Democrats (EUCD), until its merger with the EPP in 1996. Martens also negotiated with Finnish conservative politician European political party with 75 member-parties from 40 countries – is widely recognised as an important achievement of his European political legacy.

From 1994 to 1998, he was a Member of the European Parliament, chairing the EPP Group.

From October 2000 to November 2001 he was also the President of the Christian Democrat International (CDI).

He re-appeared on the Belgian political stage on 22 December 2008 to help in the 2007–2011 Belgian political crisis.

Martens held a doctorate in law, a degree in notarial studies, as well as a baccalaureate in Thomistic philosophy from the Catholic University of Louvain. He also studied international political science at Harvard University. He has practised law at the Ghent Court of Appeal.

Among numerous national and international distinctions, he was honoured in 1998 with the Charles V European Award for his contribution to European Union.

Private life

Martens had five children: two from his first marriage with Lieve Verschroeven (Kris and Anne) and three with Ilse Schouteden (Sarah, Sophie and Simon). After the birth of their twins in 1997 they married on 13 November 1998. Ilse Schouteden has a son from her previous marriage. In 2007 he divorced his second wife. On 27 September 2008 he married Miet Smet, a former Belgian minister. It was his third marriage and her first. After the death of his first wife, Martens was able to celebrate the marriage to Miet Smet in the Catholic Church, on 27 April 2013.

Death and tributes

Wilfried Martens (center) with Jean-Luc Dehaene (left) at a European People's Party (EPP) meeting in 2005

Martens died of cancer on 9 October 2013, at his home in Lokeren; he was 77.[1][2] Elio Di Rupo, the current Belgian prime minister, described him as a "true statesman and one of the fathers of federal Belgium".[2] Martin Schulz, president of the European Parliament, paid tribute to him as a "statesman of Belgium, Europe and an outstanding leader of European Parliament".[2] Jerzy Buzek, EPP MEP and former prime minister of Poland, described him as "irreplaceable".[2]

The EPP think tank Centre for European Studies has been renamed after him, now being the "Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies", a decision taken during the EPP Congress in Dublin held on 9 March 2014.[3]

Honours

Foreign honours

See also

Publications

On 10 September 2009, Wilfried Martens presented his book Europe: I Struggle, I Overcome in a public event organized by the Centre for European Studies (CES), the official think-tank of the European People's Party.
  • Een gegeven woord, Lannoo, Tielt, 1985.
  • Europa voorbij Oost en West, Lannoo, Tielt, 1995.
  • De Memoires, Luctor et Emergo, Lannoo, Tielt, 2006.
  • Europe: I Struggle, I Overcome, Springer Science+Business Media, 2009.[7]

References

  1. ^ "Oud-premier Wilfried Martens is overleden". De Redactie. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Belgian statesman Wilfried Martens dies aged 77". BBC News. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "Centre for European Studies renamed in honour of its founder Wilfried Martens". 10 March 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Martens, Wilfried". Falkadb.forseti.is. 1979-10-16. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  5. ^ "Presidenza della Repubblica". Quirinale.it. 1986-02-20. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  6. ^ "CIDADÃOS ESTRANGEIROS AGRACIADOS COM ORDENS PORTUGUESAS - Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas". Ordens.presidencia.pt. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  7. ^ "Europe: I Struggle, I Overcome: Wilfried Martens: 9783540892885: Amazon.com: Books". Amazon.com. 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2014-08-15. 

External links

  • epp.eu
Political offices
Preceded by
Paul Vanden Boeynants
Prime Minister of Belgium
1979–1981
Succeeded by
Mark Eyskens
Preceded by
Mark Eyskens
Prime Minister of Belgium
1981–1992
Succeeded by
Jean-Luc Dehaene
Party political offices
Preceded by
Robert Vandekerckhove
President of the Christian People's Party (CVP)
1972–1979
Succeeded by
Leo Tindemans
Preceded by
Jacques Santer
President of the European People's Party
1992–2013
Succeeded by
Joseph Daul
Preceded by
Leo Tindemans
Leader of the European People's Party-European Democrats
1994–1999
Succeeded by
Hans-Gert Pöttering
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.