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Wedding dress of Lady Diana Spencer

 

Wedding dress of Lady Diana Spencer

Wedding dress of Lady Diana Spencer
Artist David and Elizabeth Emanuel
Year 1981 (1981)
Type Ivory silk taffeta and antique lace gown

The wedding dress of Lady Diana Spencer was worn by Lady Diana Spencer at her wedding to Charles, Prince of Wales, on 29 July 1981 at St Paul's Cathedral. Diana wore an ivory silk taffeta and antique lace gown, with a 25-foot (7.62 m) train, valued then at £9000.[1][2][3] It became one of the most famous dresses in the world,[4] and was considered one of the most closely guarded secrets in fashion history.[5]

Contents

  • Design 1
  • Reception and influence 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6

Design

The dress was designed by David and Elizabeth Emanuel and was described as a dress that "had to be something that was going to go down in history, but also something that Diana loved", and one which would be "suitably dramatic in order to make an impression".[6][7] Diana Spencer had personally selected the designers to make her wedding dress as she had been fond of a chiffon blouse which they designed for her formal photo session with Lord Snowdon.[8]

The woven silk taffeta was made by Stephen Walters of Suffolk.[4] In the making of the dress, the Emanuels consulted Maureen Baker, who had made the wedding dress of Princess Anne.[7] One observer wrote of the dress, "the dress was a crinoline, a symbol of sexuality and grandiosity, a meringue embroidered with pearls and sequins, its bodice frilled with lace".[2] It was also decorated with hand embroidery, sequins, and 10,000 pearls. The lace used to trim Diana's wedding dress was apparently antique hand-made Carrickmacross lace. In contrast, that on the wedding dress of Kate Middleton in her marriage to Prince William, Diana's eldest son, incorporated motifs cut from machine-made lace appliquéd on to silk net.

The making of the dress posed difficulties, given that Diana had developed bulimia and had dropped from a size 14 to a size 10 in the run-up to the wedding; even the seamstress was concerned about her weight loss and that the dress would not fit as it should.[9] Due to the length of the train, Diana's father found it difficult to fit inside the glass coach to accompany his daughter to the cathedral.[10] Diana also had a spare wedding dress, which would have acted as a stand-in if Diana's dress was revealed before the big day. [11]

Reception and influence

After the wedding, few specifically wanted a dress in the same design, but large puffed sleeves, a full skirt and "soft touch fabrics" became popular requests.[12] Copies by other dressmakers were available "within hours" of the 1981 wedding.[13]

Even after the styles became dated, many considered it a "gold standard" in wedding dresses.[14] However, continued appreciation for the dress was not universal: one 2004 bridal magazine listed it as "too much dress, too little princess."[15] Nevertheless, in 2011, Elizabeth Emanuel noted that she still received requests for replicas of Diana's dress.

In his 2003 memoir, A Royal Duty, Paul Burrell wrote that Diana had wanted the dress to be part of the fashion collection of the Victoria and Albert Museum.[16]

The dress has toured for many years with the exhibition "Diana: A Celebration", though generally it stays for only part of the exhibit. Althorp House, Northampton is the primary display location of the dress.[17]

In 2014, her dress transferred ownership from her brother to her sons, as Diana had requested that her belongings be handed back to her sons when they both turned 30.[18]

See also


References

  1. ^ "On this day:1981: Charles and Diana marry".  
  2. ^ a b Denney, Colleen (April 2005). Representing Diana, Princess of Wales: cultural memory and fairy tales revisited. Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press. p. 57.  
  3. ^ "Princess Diana, Princess of Wales: Diana`s wedding – marriage". Princess-diana.com. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  4. ^ a b Steele, Valerie (9 November 2010). The Berg Companion to Fashion. Berg Publishers. p. 218.  
  5. ^ Johnson, Maureen. "Design of Lady Diana's wedding dress revealed". The Press-Courier (Oxnard CA). Associated Press. p. 11. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  6. ^ Coward, Rosalind; Mandela, Nelson; McCorquodale, Sarah (1 July 2007). Diana: The Portrait: Anniversary Edition. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 25.  
  7. ^ a b McDowell, Colin (1 July 2007). Diana style. Aurum.  
  8. ^ Moore, Sally (October 1991). The Definitive Diana: An Intimate Look at the Princess of Wales from A to Z. Contemporary Books.  
  9. ^ Paprocki, Sherry Beck (July 2009). Diana, Princess of Wales: Humanitarian. Infobase Publishing. p. 35.  
  10. ^ Knight, Julian (22 March 2011). The Royal Wedding For Dummies. John Wiley and Sons. p. 68.  
  11. ^ "Princess Diana's Spare Wedding Dress Revealed". Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  12. ^ Rodd, Debbie (June 1982). "Classic Wedding Ways".  
  13. ^ "Kate's wedding dress recreated in just five hours". The Herald Sun. AFP. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  14. ^ Nixon-Knight, Lynnell (January 2007). "Natural Evolution". Indianapolis Monthly. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  15. ^ Armstrong, Colleen (Winter 2004). "Top 10 perks for 21st century brides". Cincinnati Wedding. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  16. ^ Paul Burrell (3 June 2004). A Royal Duty. Penguin Adult. p. 250.  
  17. ^ "Kensington Palace - FAQs". Historic Royal Palaces. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  18. ^ "Princess Diana Wedding Dress Going Home". Hello Magazine. Retrieved 4 Dec 2014. 

Further reading

In 2006, the Emanuels wrote A Dress for Diana (ISBN 1-86205-749-4). It was reissued in March 2011 in anticipation of Kate Middleton's marriage to Prince William.

External links

  • Diana: The Exhibition page about the wedding
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