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Turgay Oblast (Russian Empire)

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Title: Turgay Oblast (Russian Empire)  
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Subject: Governor-Generalship of the Steppes, Turgai
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Turgay Oblast (Russian Empire)

For other uses, see Turgai.

Coordinates: 48°N 60°E / 48°N 60°E / 48; 60

Тургайская область
Turgay Oblast
Oblast of Russian Empire
The schematic map
Capital Orenburg
 -  Established 1868
 -  Disestablished 1920
Political subdivisions four uyezds

Turgai (also spelled Turgay or Turgaj) was an oblast (province) in Imperial Russia, established on October 21, 1868. It was located in the central part of present-day Kazakhstan.

Its land area was 456,185 square kilometres (176,134 sq mi). The seat of the oblast was located in Orenburg, outside of the borders of the oblast, since there was no town suitable for accommodation of the administration.[1]


The highest authority in the Oblast was a military governor. The military governors of Turgay Oblast were[2]

  • 1869-1877 Lev Fyodorovich Ballyuzek;
  • 1877-1878 Alexander Konstantinovich Geynts (Heinz);
  • 1878-1883 Alexander Petrovich Konstantinovich;
  • 1883-1887 Alexander Petrovich Protsenko;
  • 1887-1899 Yakov Feodorovich Barabash;
  • 1900-1908 Asinkrit Asinkritovich Lomachevsky;
  • 1908-1910 Ivan Mikhaylovich Strakhovsky;
  • 1910-1917 Mikhail Mikhaylovich Eversman.


As of 1897, 453,416 people populated the oblast. Kazakhs constituted the majority of the population. Significant minorities consisted of Russians. Total Turkic speaking were 415,829 (91,7%).

Ethnic groups in 1897[3]

TOTAL 453,416 100%
Kazakhs 410,904 90,6%
Russians 30,438 6,7%


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