World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Third Philippic

Article Id: WHEBN0005827599
Reproduction Date:

Title: Third Philippic  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Euphraeus, Philippic, Second Philippic, First Philippic, Fifth Letter (Plato)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Third Philippic

The Third Philippic was delivered by the prominent Athenian statesman and orator, Demosthenes, in 341 BC. It constitutes the third of the four philippics.

Contents

  • Historical background 1
  • Content of the speech 2
  • Assessments 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Historical background

In 343 BC, the Macedonian arms were carried across Epirus and a year later Philip II of Macedon turned his military activities towards Thrace.[1] When the Macedonian army approached Chersonese, the Athenians got anxious about the future of their colony. An Athenian general, Diopeithes, ravaged the maritime district of Thrace, an offensive resulting in Philip's rage. The king sent a letter of remonstrance to Athens, demanding the immediate withdrawal of the Athenian troops from Cardia, which was occupied by the Macedonian army.[2] Because of this turbulence, the assembly convened and Demosthenes delivered On the Chersonese, convincing the Athenians, who would not recall Diopeithes.

Content of the speech

Within the same year, Demosthenes delivered the Third Philippic. Putting forth all the power of his eloquence, he demanded resolute action against Philip and called for a burst of energy from the Athenian people. Macedon and Athens were already de facto belligerent parties, since the Athenians were financing Diopeithes,[3] who was launching attacks against allied cities. Most importantly, Philip was the first who violated the terms of the Peace of Philocrates and Athens was just defending its legitimate rights.

Assessments

The Third Philippic is considered the best of Demosthenes' political orations,[4] because of its passionate and evocative style.[5] From the moment he delivered the Third Philippic, Demosthenes imposed himself as the most influential politician of Athens and the suzerain of the Athenian political arena. He takes the offensive and devitalizes the "pacific" and pro-Macedonian faction of Aeschines. In the Third Philippic, the unchallengeable and passionate leader of the anti-Macedonian faction gives the signal for the Athenian uprising against Philip.

See also

References

  1. ^ Demosthenes, Third Philippic, 17.
  2. ^ Demosthenes, Third Philippic, 35.
  3. ^ Demosthenes, Third Philippic, 72.
  4. ^ K. Tsatsos, Demosthenes, 245.
  5. ^ The Helios.

External links

  • Text of the speech at the Perseus Digital Library
  • Text of the speech at the King's Academy Library
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.