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Thermus thermophilus

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Title: Thermus thermophilus  
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Subject: Ribosome, Trefoil knot fold, Extremophile, 16S ribosomal RNA, Xerophile
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Thermus thermophilus

Thermus thermophilus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Deinococcus-Thermus
Class: Deinococci
Order: Thermales
Family: Thermaceae
Genus: Thermus
Species: T. thermophilus
Binomial name
Thermus thermophilus

Thermus thermophilus is a composting.[2] T. thermophilus is classified into several strains, of which HB8 and HB27 are the most commonly used in laboratory environments. Genome analyses of these strains were independently completed in 2004.[3]

Biotechnological applications of Thermus thermophilus enzymes

  • rTth DNA polymerase is a recombinant thermostable DNA polymerase derived from Thermus thermophilus, with optimal activity at 70-80ºC, used in some PCR applications. The enzyme possesses efficient reverse transcriptase activity in the presence of manganese.

External links

  • HB27 genome page.Thermus thermophilus
  • HB8 genome page.Thermus thermophilus
  • HB8.Thermus thermophilusStructural-biological whole cell project of
  • strains from hot composts (60ºC-80ºC)ThermusIsolation of
  • HB8: DatabaseThermus thermophilusWhole Cell Project of


  1. ^ Oshima & Imahori; Imahori, K. (1974). "Description of Thermus thermophilus (Yoshida and Oshima) comb. nov., a nonsporulating thermophilic bacterium from Japanese thermal spa.". Int J Syst Bacteriol. 24: 102–112.  
  2. ^ Beffa, T; Blanc, M; Lyon, PF; Vogt, G; Marchiani, M; Fischer, JL; Aragno, M (1996). "Isolation of Thermus strains from hot composts (60ºC-80ºC)". Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 62 (5): 1723–1727.  
  3. ^ Henne A et al. (May 2004). "The genome sequence of the extreme thermophile Thermus thermophilus". Nat Biotechnol. 22 (5): 547–53.  
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