World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Thamyris

Article Id: WHEBN0000083099
Reproduction Date:

Title: Thamyris  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Aoidos, Oral poets, Dorio, Hyacinth (mythology), Titanomachy
Collection: Greek Mythology of Thrace, Music in Greek Mythology, Oral Poets
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Thamyris

For the Ancient Greek woman artist see Timarete.

In Greek mythology, Thamyris (Greek: Θάμυρις), son of Philammon and the nymph Argiope, was a Thracian singer who was so proud of his skill that he boasted he could outsing the Muses. He competed against them and lost. As punishment for his presumption they blinded him, and took away his ability to make poetry and to play the lyre. This outline of the story is told in the Iliad.[1]

This allusion is taken up in Euripides' Rhesus, in the Library attributed to Apollodorus, and in the Scholia on the Iliad. These later sources add the details that Thamyris had claimed as his prize, if he should win the contest, the privilege of having sex with all the Muses (according to one version) or of marrying one of them (according to another); and that after his death he was further punished in Hades. The story legendarily demonstrates that poetic inspiration, a gift of the gods, can be taken away by the gods.[2]

According to Diodorus the mythical singer Linus took three pupils: Heracles, Thamyris, and Orpheus, which neatly settles Thamyris's legendary chronology.[3] When Pliny the Elder briefly sketches the origins of music he credits Thamyris with inventing the Dorian mode and with being the first to play the cithara as a solo instrument with no voice accompaniment.[4]

A lost epic attributed to Thamyris, Titanomachy, was mentioned in passing in the essay "On Music" that was once believed to be authored by Plutarch.

Thamyris is said to have been a lover of Hyacinth and thus to have been the first man to have loved another male.[5]

Thamyris is another name for the ancient Greek painter Timarete and also the name of a Theban who was killed by Actor.

Thamyris Glacier on Anvers Island in Antarctica is named after Thamyris.[6]

References

  1. ^ Iliad 2.594-600.
  2. ^  , p. 96.
  3. ^ Diodorus Siculus, 3.67.
  4. ^ Pliny. Natural History, 7.207.
  5. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, 1. 3.3.
  6. ^ Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica: Thamyris Glacier.

External links

  • Donatella Restani, "Music and myth in ancient Greece" with literary references to Thamyris
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.