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Title: Tequistlatecan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Language isolate, Mayan languages, Mesoamerican languages, Aztec warfare, Classification schemes for indigenous languages of the Americas, Languages of Mexico, Jicaquean languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Chontal de Oaxaca, Slijuala xanuk
Ethnicity: Oaxaca Chontal
Linguistic classification: Hokan ?
  • Tequistlatecan
  • Highland Chontal
  • Coastal Chontal
Ethnologue code: 17-1862

The Tequistlatecan languages are in Mexico at the left of the map.

The Tequistlatecan languages, also called Chontal of Oaxaca, are three close but distinct languages spoken or once spoken by the Chontal people of Oaxaca State, Mexico:

  • Huamelultec (Lowland Oaxaca Chontal),
  • Tequistlatec (extinct),
  • Highland Oaxaca Chontal.

The Tequistlatecan languages are part the proposed Hokan family, but are often considered to be distinct family. Campbell and Oltrogge (1980) proposed that the Tequistlatecan languages may be related to Jicaquean (see Tolatecan), but this hypothesis has not been generally accepted.


  • Campbell, Lyle and Oltrogge, David. 1980. Proto-Tol (Jicaque). International Journal of American Linguistics, 46:205-223
  • Campbell, Lyle. 1979. "Middle American languages." In L. Campbell & M. Mithun (Eds.), The Languages of Native America: Historical and Comparative Assessment, (pp. 902–1000). Austin: University of Texas Press.
  • Campbell, Lyle. 1997. "American Indian Languages, The Historical Linguistics of Native America." In Oxford Studies in Anthropological Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press

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