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Suwałki Governorate


Suwałki Governorate

Сувалкская губерния
Gubernia suwalska
Suwałki Governorate
Governorate of Russian Empire


Coat of arms

Suwałki Governorate (in yellow)
Capital Suwałki
54°5′N 22°56′E / 54.083°N 22.933°E / 54.083; 22.933Coordinates: 54°5′N 22°56′E / 54.083°N 22.933°E / 54.083; 22.933

 -  Established 1867
 -  Disestablished 1914

Suwałki Governorate (Russian: Сувальская Губения, Polish: Gubernia suwalska, Lithuanian: Suvalkų gubernija) was an administrative unit (guberniya) of the Congress Poland with seat in Suwałki. It covered a territory of about 12,300 km².


In 1867 territories of the Augustów Governorate and the Płock Governorate were divided into a smaller Płock Governorate, Suwałki Governorate (consisting mostly of the Augustów Governorate territories) and a recreated Łomża Governorate.

After World War I the governorate was eventually split between Poland and Lithuania, mostly along ethnic lines (with an exception of Puńsk). The Polish part, known as Suwałki Region, was incorporated into the Białystok Voivodeship. Lithuanian ethnographic region Suvalkija was named after the governorate.


According to contemporary Russian Empire statistics from 1889 the Suwałki Governorate was predominately Lithuanian – Lithuanians comprised 57.8% of the population.[1] The Lithuanians formed a majority only in the northern part of this governorate (Counties of Kalvarija, Marijampolė, Naujamiestis, Vilkaviškis and eastern part of Sejny) and the Poles had a majority in the southern part (counties of Suwałki, Augustów and western part of Sejny).[2]

Population in 1897[3]
Nationality People Percent
Lithuanians 304,500 52%
Poles 134,000 23%
Jews 59,100 10%
Germans 30,500 5%
Belarusians 26,600 5%
Russians 24,500 4%
Others 3,700 .7%
Total 582,900 100%

Administrative divisions

It was divided into seven counties:[4]

County County Seat Major Towns
Augustów County Augustów LipskRaczkiSopoćkinie
Kalvarija County Kalvarija LiudvinavasAlytusSimnas
Marijampolė County Marijampolė BalbieriškisPilviškėsPanemunėPrienaiZapyškis
Sejny County Sejny KapčiamiestisLazdijaiSeirijai
Suwałki County Suwałki BakałarzewoFilipówPrzeroślWiżajny
Naujamiestis County Naujamiestis SudargasŠakiai
Vilkaviškis County Vilkaviškis VirbalisVištytis


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