World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Suwałki Governorate

 

Suwałki Governorate

Сувалкская губерния
Gubernia suwalska
Suwałki Governorate
Governorate of Russian Empire

1867–1914

Coat of arms

Suwałki Governorate (in yellow)
Capital Suwałki
54°5′N 22°56′E / 54.083°N 22.933°E / 54.083; 22.933Coordinates: 54°5′N 22°56′E / 54.083°N 22.933°E / 54.083; 22.933

History
 -  Established 1867
 -  Disestablished 1914

Suwałki Governorate (Russian: Сувальская Губения, Polish: Gubernia suwalska, Lithuanian: Suvalkų gubernija) was an administrative unit (guberniya) of the Congress Poland with seat in Suwałki. It covered a territory of about 12,300 km².

History

In 1867 territories of the Augustów Governorate and the Płock Governorate were divided into a smaller Płock Governorate, Suwałki Governorate (consisting mostly of the Augustów Governorate territories) and a recreated Łomża Governorate.

After World War I the governorate was eventually split between Poland and Lithuania, mostly along ethnic lines (with an exception of Puńsk). The Polish part, known as Suwałki Region, was incorporated into the Białystok Voivodeship. Lithuanian ethnographic region Suvalkija was named after the governorate.

Demographics

According to contemporary Russian Empire statistics from 1889 the Suwałki Governorate was predominately Lithuanian – Lithuanians comprised 57.8% of the population.[1] The Lithuanians formed a majority only in the northern part of this governorate (Counties of Kalvarija, Marijampolė, Naujamiestis, Vilkaviškis and eastern part of Sejny) and the Poles had a majority in the southern part (counties of Suwałki, Augustów and western part of Sejny).[2]


Population in 1897[3]
Nationality People Percent
Lithuanians 304,500 52%
Poles 134,000 23%
Jews 59,100 10%
Germans 30,500 5%
Belarusians 26,600 5%
Russians 24,500 4%
Others 3,700 .7%
Total 582,900 100%


Administrative divisions

It was divided into seven counties:[4]

County County Seat Major Towns
Augustów County Augustów LipskRaczkiSopoćkinie
Kalvarija County Kalvarija LiudvinavasAlytusSimnas
Marijampolė County Marijampolė BalbieriškisPilviškėsPanemunėPrienaiZapyškis
Sejny County Sejny KapčiamiestisLazdijaiSeirijai
Suwałki County Suwałki BakałarzewoFilipówPrzeroślWiżajny
Naujamiestis County Naujamiestis SudargasŠakiai
Vilkaviškis County Vilkaviškis VirbalisVištytis

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.