World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0011830450
Reproduction Date:

Title: Sursock  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Beirut, Jezreel Valley, Achrafieh, Sursock House, Bustros family, Rue Sursock, Lady Cochrane Sursock
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The Sursocks are a Greek Orthodox family from the Lebanon. They are one of Beirut's aristocratic Christian families, along with the: Bustros, Dagher, Ferneini, Araman and Trad families.

Family History

The Sursock family made their money as traders,[1] and then became landowners. For many decades, they were also Lebanon's leading business family. As business partners of the Otis Elevator Company, they were successful industrialists and played a key role in the developing manufacture of elevators.[2]

According to Lady Cochrane Sursock, the name is a corruption of Κυριε Ισαακ ("Kyrie Isaac", meaning Lord Isaac), and the family left Constantinople at its fall in 1453, settling near Jbail.[3]

Michel Sursock gained considerable notoriety during the great famine in the First World War, for hoarding grain and for speculating on the supply. He refused to sell the grain - worth 40 piastres in peacetime - for less than 250 piastres, even to feed starving school-children. [4]

The legacy of Nicolas Sursock was rather more public-spirited: he bequeathed his home, Sursock House, to become a museum of art, the Sursock Museum.

Family Lands


Rue Sursock, in the Achrafieh district of Beirut, is named after the family, which owned many palatial homes on the street, such as Sursock House. In 1918, the Sursock family financed the building of the Beirut Hippodrome.[5]

Jezreel Valley

In addition to owning land in Lebanon, the Sursock family owned more than 60,000 acres (240 km²) in the Vale of Esdraelon, the Jezreel Valley, in Palestine.[6] In 1906, the Sursock family sold the land in Palestine, for a sum believed to be nearly three quarters of a million pounds, to the Jewish National Fund.[7] In a controversial move, the Arab tenants of the villages were evicted by the family, to allow the Jewish settlers to move in.[8]

Notable family members


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.