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Stop Child Executions Campaign

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Title: Stop Child Executions Campaign  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Capital punishment, Atefah Sahaaleh, Human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Delara Darabi, Reza Alinejad
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Stop Child Executions Campaign

Stop Child Executions is a non-profit organization co-founded by Nazanin Afshin-Jam that aims to put an end to executions of minors in Iran. The organization campaigns to raise awareness about the issue and to put pressure on the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, both in Iran and internationally. SCE is a follow-up effort to the successful campaign and petition that helped save the life of Nazanin Fatehi from execution. Preparation activities in support of this campaign commenced after release of nazanin Fatehi from prison and after more than 350,000 signatures were signed worldwide.[1][2]

Stop Child Execution has also formed a petition which can be found on their website[3]

Background information

As a state party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the government of Iran has undertaken not to execute anyone for an offense committed when they were under the age of 18. Article 6.5 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) declares: “Sentence of death shall not be imposed for crimes committed by persons below eighteen years of age” and the article 37(a) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) provides that: “Neither capital punishment nor life imprisonment without possibility of release shall be imposed for offenses committed by persons below eighteen years of age”.

In January 2005, the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, which monitors states' compliance with the CRC, urged Iran to immediately stay all executions of child offenders and to abolish the use of the death penalty in such cases. In the summer of 2006, the Iranian Parliament reportedly passed a bill establishing special courts for children and adolescents. However, it had not been approved by the Council of Guardians, which supervises Iran's legislation to ensure conformity with Islamic principles. During the past years, the Iranian authorities have reportedly been considering legislation to ban the death penalty for juvenile offenders.

Finally, on the Feb. 10, 2012 Iran's parliament changed the controversial law of executing juveniles. In the new law, the age of 18 (solar year) would be for both genders considered and juvenile offenders will be sentenced on a separate law than of adults.” [4] [5] Based on the Islamic law which now seems to have been revised, girls at the age of 9 and boys at 15 of lunar year (11 days shorter than a solar year) were fully responsible for their crimes.[6]

Since 1990 at least 34 executions of juvenile offenders in Iran had been recorded (26 since 2005).[7]

When Stop Child Executions was initially formed, there were only 21 known names but as of October 3, 2008 SCE has recorded at least 140 juvenile offenders on death row in Iran, 3 in Saudi Arabia, 3 in Sudan and 1 in Yemen. As of October 2008 6 juveniles are reported to have been executed in Iran to date in 2008. SCE list of juveniles on execution row [8]

In October 2008 Stop Child Execution issued a comprehensive list of solutions to end juvenile executions in Iran. [9]

In June 2009, Stop Child Executions issued a report on child executions in Iran. From cradle to coffin: report on child executions in Iran

See also


External links

  • SCE News and Update Blog
  • SCE list of juveniles on execution row
  • Solutions, a powerpoint presentation by SCE
  • "A Prisoner of Colors" Documentary made by SCE about Delara Darabi facing execution in Iran
  • Video Collage about the Campaign
  • Execution of a teenage girl MUSIC VIDEO
  • Letter of Leader of Australian Democrats to Iranian Government
  • Letter of support of Australian Government
  • Amnesty International Report August 2006
  • Amnesty international: Iran: Amnesty International call for end to death penalty for child offenders
  • Amnesty International report
  • Human Rights Watch Organization report
  • Execution of a teenage girl BBC News
  • Execution of a teenage girl BBC Documentary Video
  • Article from Wall Street Journal on Child Executions in Iran
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