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Title: Spironemidae  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pompholyxophrys, Holomycota, Pinaciophora, Acanthoecidae, Micronuclearia
Collection: Apusozoa
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Scientific classification
Kingdom: Protista
Phylum: Hemimastigophora
Class: Hemimastigea
Order: Hemimastigida
Family: Spironemidae
Doflein, 1916
  • Hemimastix Foissner, Blatterer & Foissner, 1988
  • Spironema Klebs, 1893
  • Stereonema Foissner & Foissner, 1993

Spironemidae is a family of heterotrophic flagellates. They vary in size and shape from the ellipsoid Hemimastix amphikineta (14 × 7 μm) to the vermiform Spironema terricola (43 × 3 μm), and are united by the possession of two rows of cilia, called kineties.[1] The following species are included:[1]

  • Spironema multiciliatum Klebs, 1893
  • Spironema terricola Foissner & Foissner, 1993
  • Spironema goodeyi Foissner & Foissner, 1993
  • Stereonema geiseri Foissner & Foissner, 1993
  • Hemimastix amphikineta Foissner, Blatterer & Foissner, 1988


  1. ^ a b Ilse Foissner & Wilhelm Foissner (1993). "Revision of the family Spironemidae Doflein (Protista, Hemimastigophora), with description of two new species, Spironema terricola n. sp. and Stereonema geiseri n. g., n. sp.".  

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