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Socialist-oriented market economy

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Title: Socialist-oriented market economy  
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Subject: Socialism, Economy of Vietnam, Socialist economics, Socialism in New Zealand, Market economy
Collection: Economic Ideologies, Economic Systems, Economy of Vietnam, Market Socialism, Mixed Economies, Socialism
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Socialist-oriented market economy

The socialist-oriented market economy ([1] where the state sector plays a decisive role in directing economic development.

The socialist-oriented market economy is a product of the Đổi mới economic reforms, which led to the replacement of the centrally-planned economy with a market-based mixed economy based on state-owned industry. These reforms were undertaken to allow Vietnam to integrate with the global market economy.


  • Reforms leading to establishment 1
  • Description 2
    • Compared with the Chinese model 2.1
  • Theoretical basis 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Reforms leading to establishment

The Doi Moi economic reforms were initiated by the Communist Party of Vietnam in 1986 during the 6th National Congress of the party. These reforms allowed for private ownership of small enterprises alongside state-run and collectively-owned enterprises. Additionally, these reforms also introduced a greater role for market forces for coordinating economic activity between enterprises and government agencies.[2]

The economic reforms aimed to restructure the Vietnamese economy away from [4]


The socialist-oriented market economy is a multi-sectoral [4]

Compared with the Chinese model

In contrast to the [1]

The socialist-oriented market economy has aroused less controversy than the Chinese model because private business plays a smaller role in the Vietnamese model, with most the means of production remaining firmly under either collective or state ownership and administration.[5][6]

Theoretical basis

The Communist Party of Vietnam maintains that the socialist-oriented market economy is consistent with the Marxist view of economic development, being a key step in achieving economic growth and modernization while being able to co-exist in the modern global market economy[7] (see Socialism in Marxism). The Communist Party of Vietnam has re-affirmed its commitment to the development of a socialist economy with its Doi Moi reforms.[8]

This economic model is defended from a Marxist perspective, which states that a planned socialist economy can only emerge after first developing the basis for socialism through the establishment of a market economy and commodity-exchange economy, and that socialism will only emerge after this stage has exhausted its historical necessity and gradually transforms itself into socialism.[9] Proponents of this model argue that the economic system of the former USSR and its satellite states attempted to go from a natural economy to a planned economy by decree, without passing through the necessary market economy phase of development.[10]

Proponents of socialist market economies distinguish themselves from market socialists: the view of market socialism is that markets are a central feature of socialism, and that markets are the most feasible mechanism for a socialist economy.[11]

See also


  1. ^ a b Michael Karadjis. "Socialism and the market: China and Vietnam compared". Links International Journal for Socialist Renewal. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "?". Communist Review. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Napier, Nancy K.; Vuong, Quan Hoang. What we see, why we worry, why we hope: Vietnam going forward. Boise, ID: Boise State University CCI Press, October 2013. ISBN 978-0985530587.
  4. ^ a b "Socialist-oriented market economy: concept and development". Embassy of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  5. ^ Pham, Minh-Chinh, and Vuong, Quan-Hoang (2009) Kinh te Viet Nam - Thang Tram va Dot Pha, NXB Chinh Tri Quoc Gia, Hanoi, Vietnam. [1]
  6. ^ Vuong, Quan-Hoang (2007) Van Minh Lam Giau va Nguon Goc Cua Cai, NXB Chinh Tri Quoc Gian, Hanoi, Vietnam. [2]
  7. ^ "The awareness of the socialist-oriented market economy in Vietnam"
  8. ^
  9. ^ Market Economy and Socialist Road Duan Zhongqiao (
  10. ^ Vuong, Quan-Hoang. Financial Markets in Vietnam's Transition Economy: Facts, Insights, Implications. ISBN 978-3-639-23383-4, VDM Verlag, Feb. 2010, 66123 Saarbrücken, Germany.
  11. ^ Market Economy and Socialist Road Duan Zhongqiao
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