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Single track (mountain biking)

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Title: Single track (mountain biking)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mountain biking, Mountain Ranch Bike Park, Mountain bike, Single track, Lebanon Hills Regional Park
Collection: Mountain Biking
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Single track (mountain biking)

A cross-country-style single track mountain bike trail near Woodstock, GA.
A cross-country rider on singletrack during a race

Single track or singletrack is a narrow mountain biking trail that is approximately the width of the bike. It contrasts with double track or fire road which is wide enough for four-wheeled off-road vehicles. In addition it is frequently smooth and flowing, but it may also exhibit technical rocky sections and may be criss-crossed with tree roots. Some trails are winding and flowing, while others are bumpy and challenging. Many trails offer features such as roots, logs and rocks. Single track paths can be ridden using a mountain bike, BMX bike or race bike. Single track riding can be quite challenging from a technical standpoint. Singletracks cover vast areas of both state and national park lands.


  • Trail building in the US 1
  • Trail maintenance in the US 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Trail building in the US

There are volunteers, both organized and rogue, that maintain and create single track trails throughout the country. The organized volunteers coordinate with park districts to modify the natural woods to accommodate single track bikers. Some paths are created from scratch, while others are modified hiking paths.

In Deborah Chavez's brief on building and maintaining trails as it pertains to forestry managers, the

  • IMBA Resources: Bicycle Management: The Importance of Singletrack
  • Single track video

External links

  1. ^ a b Chavez, Deborah (1996). Mountain Biking; Issues and Actions for Forest Service Managers. Pacific Southwest Research Station. pp. 1–33. 
  2. ^ Campbell, Mike (27 May 2011). "9 miles of singletrack bike trail going into Kincaid Park". Anchorage Daily News. Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  3. ^ Symmonds, Mathew C.; William E. Hammitt; Virgil L. Quisenberry (2000). "Managing Recreational Trail Environments". Environmental Magagement 25 (5): 549–564.  


See also

In 2000, Clemson University Department of Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences conducted a study on mountain biking and the sustainability of the sport as it relates to the natural environment and social confines. Matthew Symmonds and research associates outlines four capacities that must be met in order to sustain a trail or trail system: Physical Capacity, the amount of space a given activity demands, Ecological Capacity, how much damage the environment can withstand before detrimental effect, Facility Capacity, what a given population needs in order to enjoy such recreational areas; and Social Capacity, the point at which one decides how many users the trail can accommodate comfortably at any one time.[3] Mountain biking is a sustainable sport in that once a trail or trail system is made, it can be used for many years, but like accommodating for specific carrying capacities, there are many concerns in maintenance and use. Resource managers, typically employed by private or federal agencies, are in position to make judgment on how and when trail maintenance needs to be done. Resource managers take care of outstanding trail conditions such as the following: erosion control, trail widening and or rutting, shortcuts, soil decomposition, damage to drainage structures, damage to flora, fauna and water structures.[1] In order to preserve the sustainability and progress the mountain biking community has seen in the most recent of years, trail maintenance must be continual, from being proactive in legislation, to environmental awareness in physical maintenance.

Trail maintenance in the US

While many are supportive of trail expansion and development, there are many objections to the increased demand for new trails and trail systems. Both those that support and those that oppose trail expansion must be active in legislation and construction of trails in order to promote singletrack as a progressive option. [2]

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