World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Shasta language

Native to United States
Region primarily northern California
Ethnicity Shasta people
Extinct by end of 20th century
Hokan ?
  • Shasta–Palaihnihan
Language codes
ISO 639-3 sht
Glottolog shas1239[1]

The Shasta language is an extinct Shastan language formerly spoken from northern California into southwestern Oregon. It was spoken in a number of dialects, possibly including Okwanuchu. By 1980, only two fluent speakers, both elderly, were alive. Today, all surviving Shasta people speak English.


  • Sounds 1
    • Consonants 1.1
    • Vowels 1.2
  • References 2
  • External links 3



Bilabial Dental Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Stop plain p t k ʔ
Affricate plain ts
ejective tsʼ tʃʼ
Fricative s x h
Rhotic r
Approximant j w

Length is distinctive for consonants in Shasta. The affricates are generally written c and č, and the ejectives indicated by an apostrophe written over the character. The phoneme /j/ is represented by y.


Shasta has four vowels, /i e a u/, with contrastive length, and two tones: high tone, marked with an acute accent, and low tone, which is unmarked.


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Shasta". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Mithun, Marianne (1999), The Languages of Native North America, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.