Sakuye

The Sakuye or Saguye are a semi-nomadic people living in Marsabit and Isiolo Counties, Eastern Province, Kenya. The 1979 Kenyan census reported this group had 1,824 persons, but G√ľnther Schlee believes this number "is definitely too low". The 1969 census gave 4,369 as their number, and the apparent decrease is not due to biological factors. Because of their language and their inter-locking settlements, many Sakuye must have given 'Boran' when asked for their 'tribe'. The Sakuye have been weakened by recent events, and to identify oneself as a Sakuye no longer sounds attractive."[1] According to Ethnologue, Sakuye is a dialect of the Borana language, though it has some significant differences.[2] Their name come from the old name for Marsabit, Saaku. When a group of Rendille moved north from Marsabit, their Borana neighbors referred to them as the "Saakuye".[3]

History

The Sakuye adopted Islam in the early twentieth century. Following Kenyan independence, the Sakuye joined the Somalis in Kenya in their attempt to secede and join the Somali Republic. Most of their livestock was killed by government forces during the Shifta War (1963-7), reducing many Sakuye to poverty. In the 1970s, a group of Sakuye moved to the Dabel hills, which lie below the Ethiopian plateau. The traditional camel-oriented rituals, with a nominal Muslim affiliation, became much less important after the destruction of the herds and the Sakuye became Husayniyya, followers of the Sufi order founded by Sheikh Hussein whose tomb lies in the village named for him in Bale, Ethiopia.[4] Today the Sakuye population is divided between those in Dabel and those in Isiolo.[3]

Notes and references

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.