World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ralph Raico

Ralph Raico
Raico delivering a lecture at the Ludwig von Mises Institute
Born 1936 (age 79–80)
New York City
Alma mater University of Chicago
Main interests

Ralph Raico () is an American libertarian historian of European liberalism.[1] He was formerly a professor of history at Buffalo State College.[2]


  • Early life and education 1
  • Career 2
  • Publications 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
    • Works cited 5.1
  • External links 6

Early life and education

Raico is from New York City,[3] where he attended Ludwig von Mises, who subsequently invited them to attend his graduate seminar on Austrian economics at New York University.[4] There he met fellow seminar attendee Murray Rothbard, who befriended him.[5][6] Rothbard and his friends Raico, Reisman, Ronald Hamowy, and Robert Hessen formed a "self-conscious intellectual and activist salon" they named the "Circle Bastiat".[7][8]

In the mid-1950s, the Circle Bastiat also brought Raico into contact with novelist Ayn Rand and her followers, informally known at the time as "The Collective".[8][9] Raico attended the first lectures about Rand's philosophy of Objectivism.[10] Eventually relations between the two groups soured, leading to an incident in which the Circle parodied the Collective, performing a skit in which Raico played the part of Rand's protege Nathaniel Branden.[11] By the summer of 1958 Rand and Rothbard had broken off all ties, and the groups stopped associating.[10][11]

Raico received his B.A. from the City College of New York[3] and his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago, where his adviser was Friedrich Hayek.[12]


While at the University of Chicago, Raico founded The New Individualist Review, a libertarian publication which first published in April 1961 and produced 17 issues until it ceased publication in 1968.[13] Raico and other graduate students comprised the editorial board. Hayek and [13][14]

Raico later became senior editor of Inquiry magazine. He is currently an associate editor of The Independent Review, a journal published by The Independent Institute,[2] and a senior fellow of the Ludwig von Mises Institute, which has published his work on the history of liberty and the connection between war and the state.[15] Raico translated Mises' book, Liberalismus and various essays by Friedrich Hayek into English.[2]


  • Gay Rights: A Libertarian Approach (1975), Libertarian Party OCLC 8887435 and 863234248
  • Classical Liberalism in the Twentieth Century (1990), Institute for Humane Studies at George Mason University, OCLC 21573481 and 732647331
  • "Classical Liberalism and the Austrian school" in The Elgar Companion to Austrian Economics (1998), edited by Peter J. Boettke, Edward Elgar Publishing, ISBN 9781858787763, OCLC 485335367
  • Introduction to the 50th-anniversary edition of John T. Flynn's The Roosevelt Myth (1998), Fox & Wilkes; 50th edition, ISBN 0930073274. OCLC 41234390
  • Die Partei der Freiheit: Studien zur Geschichte des deutschen Liberalismus (1999), (Introduction by Christian Watrin; Gabriele Bartel, Pia Weiss, Jörg Guido Hülsmann, translators), Lucius & Lucius; 1st edition, ISBN 3828200427 ISBN 9783828200425. OCLC 52523633
  • "World War I: The Turning Point" and "Rethinking Churchill" in The Costs of War: America's Pyrrhic Victories (1999), edited by John V. Denson, Transaction Publishers; 2 edition, ISBN 0765804875
  • Great Wars and Great Leaders: A Libertarian Rebuttal (2010), Ludwig von Mises Institute, ISBN 1610164377, OCLC 779146130
  • The Place of Religion in the Liberal Philosophy of Constant, Tocqueville, and Lord Acton (2010), ISBN 1610163680 – Book version of Raico's University of Chicago dissertation[16]
  • Classical Liberalism and the Austrian School (2012), Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute, ISBN 9781610160032, ISBN 1610160037, OCLC 792741380

See also


  1. ^ Doherty 2007, pp. 32, 34
  2. ^ a b c Ralph Raico profile, The Independent Institute website, accessed November 15, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Ralph Raico biography at Future of Freedom Foundation website, accessed November 15, 2013.
  4. ^ Reisman 1996, p. xliii
  5. ^ Doherty 2007, pp. 249–50
  6. ^ Casey 2010, p. 10
  7. ^ Doherty 2007, p. 251
  8. ^ a b Reisman 1996, p. xliv
  9. ^ Heller 2009, p. 251
  10. ^ a b Reisman 1996, p. xlvi
  11. ^ a b Heller 2009, p. 299
  12. ^ Hamowy 1999, p. 339
  13. ^ a b Hamowy 1999, pp. 339–46
  14. ^ See also: Jeff Riggenbach, The Journalism of Hamowy and Raico, "Mises Daily", Ludwig von Mises Institute, July 18, 2011.
  15. ^ Ralph Raico biography at Ludwig von Mises Institute website, accessed November 15, 2013.
  16. ^ OCLC 4812933

Works cited

  • Heller, Anne C. (2009).  

External links

  • Raico's article archives at
  • Raico book and paper archives at
  • Raico's archives at
  • Bio at Future of Freedom Foundation
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.