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Provinces of Laos

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

Laos is divided into provinces (Lao ແຂວງ, pronounced , khoeng, qwang or khoueng) and 1 prefecture (kampheng nakhon) plus the Vientiane Capital city municipality (ນະຄອນຫຼວງ, nakhon louang, or Na Kone Luang Vientiane). The special administrative zone (ເຂດພິເສດ, khet phiset) Xaisomboun created in 1994 was dissolved on January 13 2006. [1]


  • Distribution of provinces 1
    • Prior to 2006 dissolution of Xaisomboun in 2006 1.1
    • Population 1.2
  • History 2
  • Further divisions 3
  • Geography 4
  • References 5
  • See also 6
  • External links 7

Distribution of provinces

Location Name Capital Population Area (km²) Population Density ISO
Attapu Province
Samakkhixay District
112,097 10,320 11 LA-AT
Bokèo Province
Houayxay District
(Ban Houayxay)
145,216 6,196 24 LA-BK
Bolikhamxai Province
Paksane District
225,272 14,863 14 LA-BL
Champasak Province
Pakse District
607,333 15,415 37 LA-CH
Houaphan Province
Xamneua District
(Xam Neua)
280,898 16,500 20 LA-HO
Khammouan Province
Thakhek District
337,314 16,315 22 LA-KH
Luang Namtha Province
Namtha District
(Luang Namtha)
145,289 9,325 16 LA-LM
Louangphabang Province
Louangphrabang District
(Luang Prabang)
407,012 16,875 24 LA-LP
Oudômxai Province
Xay District
(Muang Xay)
265,128 15,370 18 LA-OU
Phôngsali Province
Phongsaly District
165,926 16,270 12 LA-PH
Salavan Province
Salavan District
324,303 10,691 31 LA-SL
Savannakhét Province Khanthabouly District
825,879 21,774 33 LA-SV
Vientiane Province Phonhong District
388,833 15,927 23 LA-VI
Vientiane (Viengchan) Capital Vientiane 698,254 3,920 180 LA-VT
Xaignabouli Province
Xayabury District
338,646 16,389 23 LA-XA
Xékong Province
Lamarm District
84,985 7,665 11 LA-XE
Xiangkhouang Province
Pek District
229,521 15,880 17 LA-XI

Prior to 2006 dissolution of Xaisomboun in 2006

Provinces of Laos

While transliterates spelling may differ, the nomenclature used in the 2005 census is as follows: Phongsaly, Luangnamtha, Oudomxay, Bokeo, Luangprabang, Huaphanh, Xayaboury, Xiengkhuang, Vientiane Province, Borikhamxay, Khammuane, Savannakhet, Saravane, Sekong, Champasack, Attapeu, Xaysomboon. [2]


The population of each province in 2005 is given in the census data, [3] ranging from the largest (Savannakhet) to smallest (Sekong).


In 1989 Vientiane prefecture was split from Vientiane province and the capital of Vientiane province moved from Vientiane to Muang Phôn-Hông. In 1994 Xaisômboun khetphiset (special region) was formed from parts of Bolikhamxai, Vientiane, and Xiangkhoang provinces. In 2006 Xaisomboun special region was dissolved and the Longsan, Xaysomboun, Phun, and Hom districts added to Vientiane province, while Thathon district was transferred to Xiengkhuang province.

Further divisions

The provinces are then subdivided into districts (muang) and villages (baan).


The provinces are grouped geographically into 3 strata, North (from Phongsaly to Saiyabouly, Luang Prabang and Xiengkhuang), Central (Vientiane and Bolikhamxay) South (from Khammuane to Champasack).


  1. ^ Website Statoids Retrieved 12 March 2015.
  2. ^ National Statistics Centre: Population Census 2005
  3. ^ Population by province. 2005 Census

See also

External links

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