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Phoui Sananikone

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Title: Phoui Sananikone  
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Phoui Sananikone

Phoui Sananikone
ຜຸຍ ຊະນະນິກອນ
Prime Minister of Laos
In office
24 February 1950 – 15 October 1951
Preceded by Prince Boun Oum
Succeeded by Crown Prince Savang Vatthana
In office
17 August 1958 – 31 December 1959
Preceded by Prince Souvanna Phouma
Succeeded by Sounthone Pathammavong
Personal details
Born 1903
Died 4 December 1983
Paris
Political party Neutralist
Profession Prime Minister
Religion Buddhism

Phoui Sananikone (1903 – 4 December 1983 in Paris) was Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Laos on two occasions in 1950 to 1951 and again from 1958 to 1959, and also served as Foreign Minister on multiple occasions.

Early life

Born in 1903, he was part of the Sananikones, a powerful Laotian aristocratic family.

Prime Ministership

Souvanna Phouma lost a vote of confidence in the National Assembly and was forced to resign. Phoui succeeded Souvanna Phouma, and formed a new cabinet with the support of Committee for the Defence of the National Interests (CDNI) members. The Pathet Lao were no longer represented in the new pro-American government. After taking up office, Sananikone and his ministers shifted Lao policy to the right, dissolved the National Assembly, and denounced the 1954 Geneva truce. Attempts were also made to disperse and neutralize Pathet Lao soldiers who had been integrated into the Royal Lao Army (RLA) a few months earlier. He resigned under right-wing military pressure and handed all power to General Phoumi Nosavan, the head of the RLA.

Later life

He remained part of the political scene as Speaker of the National Assembly from 1960 until 1974. In May 1975 he left for France after the communist takeover. In September that year was sentenced to death in his absence. He died in Paris, aged 80.[1]

References

  1. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1983/12/12/obituaries/phoui-sananikone-dies-at-80-an-ex-prime-minister-of-laos.html
  • New York Times obituary published December 12, 1983
  • Gary Y. Lee, REFUGEES FROM LAOS: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND AND CAUSES, 1990
Political offices
Preceded by
Boun Oum
Prime Minister of Laos
1950-1951
Succeeded by
Savang Vatthana
Preceded by
Souvanna Phouma
Prime Minister of Laos
1958-1959
Succeeded by
Sounthone Pathammavong


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