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Northern Greece

First-level NUTS regions of Greece:
  GR1: Voreia Ellada
  GR2: Kentriki Ellada
  GR3: Attiki

Voreia Ellada (Greek: Βόρεια Ελλάδα), meaning Northern Greece, is a first level NUTS administrative division of Greece created for statistical purposes by the European Union. The NUTS division contains 4 administrative regions: East Macedonia and Thrace, Central Macedonia, West Macedonia, Epirus, with population 3.590.187 inhabitants, according to eurostat data of 2011.[1]

Although this NUTS division is not used by Greece for any administrative purposes, the term "Northern Greece" is widely used to refer mainly to the two northern regions of Macedonia and Thrace; thus the Ministry for Macedonia and Thrace was known as "Ministry for Northern Greece" until 1988. The term may also colloquially incorporate the region of Thessaly (from Kentriki Ellada NUTS division) as well as Epirus.

In linguistics, Northern Greece refers to the areas where the Northern Greek dialect is traditionally spoken, encompassing in addition to the previous regions Central Greece except for Attica, and the North Aegean, except Chios.[2]

Northern Greece statistics

Geographic division Administrative divisions Population
(2011)
Capital Notes
Macedonia[1] West, Central and East Macedonia 2,487,384 Thessaloniki (Salonika) It is the second largest geographical division in Greece by population, after Continental Greece. It is always included in Northern Greece. Greek Macedonians speak a northern Greek dialect.[2]
Thrace[1] Thrace 367,393 Komotini It is always included in Northern Greece, as the eastern portion of the region of East Macedonia and Thrace. Modern Greek Orthodox Thracians speak a northern Greek dialect, while the Muslim minority inhabiting the region are divided between the Turkish-speaking Western Thrace Turks and the Bulgarian-speaking Pomaks.[2]
Epirus Epirus 357,203 Ioannina It is located in north-western Greece. It is sometimes included in Northern Greece. Epirotes speak a northern dialect.[2]
Thessaly[1] Thessaly 735,410 Larissa It is sometimes included in Central Greece. Thessalians speak a northern dialect.[2]
North Aegean North Aegean 199,603 Mytilene This region is rarely included in Northern Greece, as it is mainly included in the Aegean Islands region. Most people from these islands speak a northern as well as an eastern dialect. That's why they have been historically connected to other Eastern Greeks ("Anatolites" or "Mikrasiates") from Anatolia, along with the Dodecanesian islanders, who speak an eastern dialect.
Wider sense of Northern Greece 4,146,993 Thessaloniki (largest city) 3,947,390 inhabitants without North Aegean islands. Northern Greece in the strict sense (Macedonia, Thrace) includes 2,854,777 inhabitants.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Population on 1 January by broad age groups and sex - NUTS 3 & 4 regions". eurostat. 2012-11-26. Retrieved 05-12-2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Βόρειες διάλεκτοι" [Northern Dialects] (in Greek). Portal for the Greek Language. 2008-06-20. Retrieved 11-04-2011. 


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