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Nonane

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Nonane

Nonane
Skeletal formula of nonane
Skeletal formula of nonane with all implicit carbons shown, and all explicit hydrogens added
Ball-and-stick model of the nonane molecule
Names
IUPAC name
Nonane[1]
Identifiers
 Y
1696917
ChEBI  Y
ChEMBL  Y
ChemSpider  Y
EC number 203-913-4
240576
Jmol-3D images Image
MeSH
PubChem
RTECS number RA6115000
UN number 1920
Properties
C9H20
Molar mass 128.26 g·mol−1
Appearance Colorless liquid
Odor Gasoline-like
Density 718 mg mL−1
Melting point −54.2 to −53.2 °C; −65.5 to −63.7 °F; 219.0 to 220.0 K
Boiling point 150.4 to 151.0 °C; 302.6 to 303.7 °F; 423.5 to 424.1 K
log P 5.293
Vapor pressure 0.59 kPa (at 25.0 °C)
1.7 nmol Pa−1 kg−1
1.405
Thermochemistry
284.34 J K−1 mol−1
393.67 J K−1 mol−1
−275.7–−273.7 kJ mol−1
−6125.75–−6124.67 kJ mol−1
Hazards
GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The exclamation-mark pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
H226, H304, H315, H319, H332, H336
P261, P301+310, P305+351+338, P331
Harmful Xn
R-phrases R10, R20, R53, R65, R67
NFPA 704
3
0
0
Flash point 31.0 °C (87.8 °F; 304.2 K)
205.0 °C (401.0 °F; 478.2 K)
Explosive limits 0.87–2.9%
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
PEL (Permissible)
none[2]
REL (Recommended)
TWA 200 ppm (1050 mg/m3)[2]
N.D.[2]
Related compounds
Related alkanes
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 Y  (: Y/N?)

Nonane is a linear alkane hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C9H20.

Nonane has 35 structural isomers.

Its substituent form is nonyl. Its cycloalkane counterpart is cyclononane, (C9H18).

Unlike most alkanes, the numeric prefix in its name is from Latin, not Greek. (A name using a Greek prefix would be enneane.)

See also

References

  1. ^ "nonane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 16 September 2004. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0466".  
  3. ^ http://www.ehs.neu.edu/laboratory_safety/general_information/nfpa_hazard_rating/documents/NFPAratingJR.htm

External links

  • "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0466".  
  • MSDS at Oxford University
  • List of isomers of nonane
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