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Neutral municipality

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Title: Neutral municipality  
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Subject: Provinces of Brazil, Ecological reserve, Agency (country subdivision), Mesoregion (geography), Presidency (country subdivision)
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Neutral municipality

Neutral municipality (Portuguese: Município Neutro) was a designation for the city of Rio de Janeiro.[1] As the imperial capital of the Empire of Brazil, the neutral municipality was not part of any province. The designation was established on 1834 and used until 1889.

When Brazil became a republic in 1889, the provinces became states, and the designation of neutral municipality was changed to federal district. When the capital moved to Brasilia in 1960, a new federal district was created surrounding Brasilia. The old federal district was turned into a state: Guanabara State. In 1975, Guanabara State merged with Rio de Janeiro State, taking Rio de Janeiro as its name, with the city of Rio de Janeiro as the capital of the enlarged state.


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