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Navy Occupation Service Medal

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Navy Occupation Service Medal

Navy Occupation Service Medal
Awarded by United States Department of the Navy
Type Service medal
Eligibility Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard personnel
Awarded for Occupation duty during and/or following World War II
Status No longer awarded
Clasps Europe
Asia
Statistics
Established January 22, 1947[1]
First awarded May 8, 1945
Last awarded October 3, 1990
Precedence
Next (higher) World War II Victory Medal
Equivalent Army of Occupation Medal
Next (lower) Medal for Humane Action



Service ribbon and streamer

The Navy Occupation Service Medal is a military award of the United States Navy which was "Awarded to commemorate the services of Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard personnel in the occupation of certain territories of the enemies of the U.S. during World War II"[2] and recognized those personnel who participated in the European and Asian occupation forces during, and following World War II. The medal was also bestowed to personnel who performed duty in West Berlin between 1945 and 1990.

No more than one Navy Occupation Service Medal may be awarded to an individual. The Army of Occupation Medal is the equivalent of the Navy Occupation Service Medal. No person could receive both the Army and Navy occupation medals.[2]

Contents

  • Description 1
  • Ribbon devices 2
    • Europe Clasp 2.1
    • Asia Clasp 2.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Description

The medal was designed by A. A. Weinman. It depicts Neptune riding a Hippocampus with the words "Occupation Service". The reverse is the same as that of the Dominican Campaign Medal.[3]

Ribbon devices

The medal is authorized two service clasps: "Europe" and "Asia".[4] The clasps are rectangular with a rope border. If eligible, both clasps may be worn on the medal. The Berlin Airlift Device is also authorized[4] to those Naval personnel who have served 90 days or more with an accredited unit in support of the Berlin Airlift between 1948 and 1949.[3]

Europe Clasp

The following geographical duty areas, and time frames of eligibility, qualified a service member to receive the Navy Occupation Service Medal with "Europe" clasp.[5][6]

  • Italy (November 8, 1945 to December 15, 1947)
  • Trieste (May 8, 1945 to October 25, 1954)
  • Germany (May 8, 1945 to May 5, 1955) (exclusive of Berlin)
  • Austria (May 8, 1945 to October 25, 1955)
  • West Berlin (May 8, 1945 to October 3, 1990)

Service between May 9 and November 8, 1945 may not be considered unless the service member qualified for the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal prior to that date.[3][6]

Asia Clasp

The "Asia" clasp was authorized for any service performed on shore or on ships in the following geographical duty areas and time frames of eligibility.[5][6]

  • Japanese territories (September 2, 1945 to April 27, 1952)
  • Korea and adjacent islands (September 2, 1945 to April 27, 1952)

Service prior to 2 Mar 1946 would not be credited toward eligibility for the Navy Occupation Service Medal unless the individual is already eligible for the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal for service prior to 2 Sept 1945.[2][6]

Service after June 27, 1950 which is eligible towards the criteria for the Korean Service Medal may not be considered for the Occupation Service Medal.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ ALNAV 25 of 22 Jan. 1947 by SecNav Forrestal
  2. ^ a b c Bureau of Naval Personnel. "Requirements Listed for Navy Occupation, China Service Medals" (PDF). The Bulletin Board. All Hands (U.S. Government Printing Office) (March 1948): 46–47. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d Kerrigan, Evans E. (1964). "Occupation 1945-1955". American War Medals and Decorations. New York: The Viking Press. pp. 101–102.  
  4. ^ a b United States Federal Register (1967). The Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America, Title 32, Chapter VI. U.S. Government Printing Office. §733.53. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Navy Department General Order No. 255, January 28, 1948
  6. ^ a b c d "Navy and Marine Corps Awards Manual NAVPERS 15,790". Transcribed by HyperWar Foundation. 1953. pp. 161–220. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 

External links

  • Navy History & Heritage Command-Navy Occupation Service Medal
  • SECNAVINST 1650.1H Chapter 8, § 3-831-5
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