World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0023220669
Reproduction Date:

Title: Myzozoa  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alveolata, SAR supergroup, Alveolate, Ciliate, Apicomplexa
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Myzozoa is a grouping of Alveolata,[1][2] that feed through myzocytosis.

Several protozoan species group in Myzozoa.[3]

It is sometimes described as a phylum, containing the subphyla Dinozoa and Apicomplexa.[4]

The term "Miozoa" is also used.[5]


The closest relation to this clade are the ciliates.

Both these groups of organisms — unlike the majority of eukaryotes studied to date — seem to have linear mitochnodrial genome. Most other eukaryotes that have had their mitochondrial genomes examined have circular genomes.

The branching order of this clade is only partly understood. The Colpodellids and the Apicomplexa appear to be sister clades as do the perkinsids and the dinoflagelates.[6] The positions of the other members of this phylum remains unclear at present.

The Chromerida and the Colpodellida appear to be sister clades with the Dinozoa being more closely related to the perkinsids and the dinoflagelates.[7]


Perkinsus marinus and the Apicomplexa both have histones while the dinoflagellates appear to have lost theirs.[8]


  1. ^ Leander BS, Hoppenrath M (February 2008). "Ultrastructure of a novel tube-forming, intracellular parasite of dinoflagellates: Parvilucifera prorocentri sp. nov. (Alveolata, Myzozoa)". Eur. J. Protistol. 44 (1): 55–70.  
  2. ^ "Alveolates". Retrieved 2009-06-14. 
  3. ^ Valster RM, Wullings BA, Bakker G, Smidt H, van der Kooij D (May 2009). "Free-living protozoa in two unchlorinated drinking water supplies identified by phylogenic analysis of 18S rRNA gene sequences". Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 75 (14): 4736–46.  
  4. ^ Cavalier-Smith T (June 2004). "Only six kingdoms of life". Proc. Biol. Sci. 271 (1545): 1251–62.  
  5. ^ Cavalier-Smith T, Chao EE (September 2004). "Protalveolate phylogeny and systematics and the origins of Sporozoa and dinoflagellates (phylum Myzozoa nom. nov.)". Eur J Protistol 40 (3): 185–212.  
  6. ^ Leander BS, Kuvardina ON, Aleshin VV, Mylnikov AP, Keeling PJ (2003). (Alveolata): insights into the phagotrophic ancestry of apicomplexans"Colpodella edax"Molecular phylogeny and surface morphology of . J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 50 (5): 334–40.  
  7. ^ Moore RB, Oborník M, Janouskovec J, et al. (February 2008). "A photosynthetic alveolate closely related to apicomplexan parasites". Nature 451 (7181): 959–63.  
  8. ^ Gornik SG, Ford KL, Mulhern TD, Bacic A, McFadden GI, Waller RF (December 2012). "Loss of nucleosomal DNA condensation coincides with appearance of a novel nuclear protein in dinoflagellates". Curr. Biol. 22 (24): 2303–12.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.