World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Moscow Sun Yat-sen University

Moscow Sun Yat-sen University
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 莫斯科中山大學
Simplified Chinese 莫斯科中山大学
Russian name
Russian Коммунистический университет трудящихся Китая имени Сунь Ятсена
Romanization Kommunisticheskij universitet trudjashhihsja Kitaja imeni Sun' Jatsena
Moscow Sun Yat-sen University

, officially the Sun Yat-sen Communist University of the Toilers of China, was a Comintern school, which operated from 1925-1930 in the city of Moscow, Russia then the Soviet Union. It was a training camp for Chinese revolutionaries from both the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC). Its relationship to the Comintern's International Liaison Department (Russian acronym "OMS") remains unclear.

In history, all the Sun Yat-sen Universities were the products of single-party state, based-on the political ideology with socialism characteristics.[1]


  • Origins 1
  • Coursework 2
  • Political change and closure 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5


In 1923, Sun Yat-sen, the founder of the KMT, made political overtures to the CPC and the Soviet Union. Sun believed that the KMT needed to train more Chinese revolutionaries.

Sun Yat-sen University officially began its classes on November 7, 1925, the eighth anniversary of the October Revolution.[2] The University was set up by splitting the Chinese department from the Communist University of the Toilers of the East, which had about 100 Chinese students enrolled. The university was named after Sun out of respect for his contribution to the Chinese Revolution.

Located at No. 16 Volkhonka Street, in an old and beautiful part of Moscow, about a thirty-minute walk from the Kremlin. In Tsarist Russia the main university building, built in the early 19th century, had been Moscow First Provincial High School.[3]

Mikhail Borodin, the consultant sent by the Soviet Union, directed the first enrollment of students. These students were elites chosen from the membership of both the CPC and KMT. The main missions of this university were to educate students in Marxism and Leninism, as well as training cadres for mass movement as qualified Bolsheviks.


Students and lecturers of Moscow Sun Yat-sen University. Moscow Region, 1926

Most of the instructors came from the Soviet Union. Among them were old Bolsheviks such as Karl Radek, who was the first president of the university. The students came from different classes and backgrounds: some were famous communist revolutionaries or scholars, while others had little education but much experience in communist movements. The university grouped these students into different classes according to their education and experience.

The courses given at the university focused on the basic theories of Marxism and Leninism. Students also learned methods of mobilization and propaganda, as well as theoretical and practical military instruction.

In addition to courses, there were regular presentations on the international communist movements and the Chinese revolution by prominent members from Comintern, the Soviet Union and the CPC. Those included Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky, Zhang Guotao and Xiang Zhongfa.

Although courses of study only lasted two years, the university had great influence on those trained there. Graduates of note, many of whom were to go on and play leadership roles in China, included the 28 Bolsheviks, Zuo Quan, He Zhonghan, Deng Wenyi and both Deng Xiaoping, future leader of the People's Republic of China and Chiang Ching-kuo, future president of the Republic of China exiled on Taiwan.

Political change and closure

Students of Sun Yat-sen Communist university of the Toilers of China

In 1927, as the CPC-KMT alliance broke up, the students from the KMT were sent back to China. As the power struggle between Stalin and Trotsky reached its peak, Radek was sacked and replaced by his deputy, Pavel Mif, who was too ambitious to be limited to a university campus. Mif himself became the vice director of the Far East Department of the Comintern and played an important role in the major decisions of the CPC. With his 28 Bolsheviks holding senior positions in the CPC, Mif and the university played a major role China's modern history.

The university was closed in the mid-1930s due to the failure of the alliance with the KMT.

See also


  1. ^ 葉文心,《民國時期大學校園文化(1919——1937)》,第五章。
  2. ^ Sun Yat-sen University in Moscow: 1935-1930. Min-ling L. Yu. Department of History, New York University. January 1995. Page 21. UMI: 9528545
  3. ^ Sun Yat-sen University in Moscow: 1925-1930 Min-ling L. Yu. Department of History, New York University. January 1995. Page 17. UMI: 9528545
  • Sheng Zhongliang. Moscow Sun Yat-sen University and Chinese Revolution
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.