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Mohammad Mohaqiq

Haji Mohammad Mohaqiq
Mohammad Mohaqiq in 2014
Deputy Chief Executive Officer of Afghanistan
Assumed office
13 October 2014
Preceded by Position established
Leader of PIUPA
Assumed office
15 January 2006
Preceded by New Party
Personal details
Born 1955
Mazar-i-Sharif, Balkh, Afghanistan
Nationality Afghan
Political party Hezbe Wahdat (1990–2006)
PIUPA (since 2006)
Residence Kabul, Afghanistan
Occupation Politician
Religion Shia Islam

Mohammad Mohaqiq (Persian: محمد محقق‎) is a politician in Afghanistan, serving as a member of the Afghan Parliament. He is also the founder and chairman of the People's Islamic Unity Party of Afghanistan. During the 1980s, he served with the mujahideen rebel forces fighting against the Soviet-backed Afghan government. After the withdrawal of the Soviet Union in 1989, Mohaqiq was appointed as the leader of the Hezb-e Wahdat for northern Afghanistan.

Early years

Mohaqeq was born in 1955 and hails from Mazar-e-Sharif in Balkh Province. He is an ethnic Hazara, the son of Sarwar. He holds a bachelor's degree in Islamic studies from Iran. He has been involved in mujahideen activities after the April 1978 Saur Revolution.

During the Afghan civil war in the early 1990s, he was regarded as a prominent warlord fighting for his Hazara people. His main support came from neighboring Shia Iran. In the late 1990s, Mohaqiq joined the Northern Alliance (United Front) in their resistance and struggle against the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (Taliban). After the fall of the Taliban, he was appointed as the Vice-President and the Minister of Planning in the interim government of Hamid Karzai.

Mohaqiq ran as a candidate in the 2004 Afghan presidential election. He came in third place with 11.7% of the votes after Hamid Karzai and Yunus Qanuni.[1]

A January 2009 article by Ahmad Majidyar of the American Enterprise Institute included Mohaqiq on a list of fifteen possible candidates in the 2009 Afghan presidential election.[1] In the end, however, Mohaqiq opted to support President Karzai against his main challenger Abdullah Abdullah in the election.

In 2010, Mohaqiq stopped supporting President Karzai because of Karzai's policy of appeasement towards the Taliban insurgents.[2] In late 2011, Mohaqiq, Ahmad Zia Massoud and Abdul Rashid Dostum created the National Front of Afghanistan (also Afghanistan National Front, ANF).[3]


  1. ^ a b Ahmad Majidyar (January 2009). "Afghanistan's Presidential Election".  
  2. ^ "Minority leaders leaving Karzai's side over leader's overtures to insurgents"
  3. ^ "There is more to peace than Taliban".  

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