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Mingrelians

Megrelian
Megrelian: მარგალეფი margalefi
megrelebi მეგრელები
Total population
c. 400,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
  [2][1]
 Russia 600 (2010)[3]
Languages
Russian
Religion
Predominantly Eastern Orthodox Christianity
(Georgian Orthodox Church)
Part of a series on
Georgians
ქართველები
The
Kartvelian
people
Nation
Georgia
Ancient Kartvelian people
Subgroups
Culture
  • Music
  • Media
  • Sport
  • Calligraphy
  • Cinema
  • Cuisine
  • Dances
  • Costume
  • Calendar
  • Architecture
  • Mythology
Languages
  • Writing system
  • Dialects
  • Grammar
Religion
  • Georgian Orthodox Church
  • Christianity
  • Catholicism
  • Islam
  • Judaism
Symbols
History of Georgia

The Megrelians[4] (Abkhazia and Tbilisi. In the pre-1930 Soviet census, the Megrelians were afforded their own ethnic group (natsional'nost) category.[13][14]

The Mingrelians speak the Kartvelian (South Caucasian) language family.[15][16][17]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Notable Megrelians 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5

History

Distribution of Megrelian in relation to the other Kartvelian (South Caucasian) languages
Mingrelian lady (right) negotiating with the invading Turks, 1856. An episode of the Crimean War.
Ekaterine Dadiani (1816–1882), the last ruling princess of the Mingrelians.

The endonym Margali (მარგალი) is presumably reflected in the Greek Manraloi (Μάνραλοι), recorded as a people of Colchis by Ptolemy in the 2nd century BC.

Early in the Middle Ages, Megrelian aristocracy and clergy, later followed by laymen, adopted the Georgian tongue as a language of literacy and culture. After the fragmentation of the Russian Empire in the 19th century.

In several censuses under the Russian Empire and the early Colchian era.

The first President of an independent Georgia, civil war, which ended with the defeat of Gamsakhurdia's supporters.

Approximately 180,000-200,000 people of Georgian and Megrelian provenance have been expelled from Abkhazia as a result of the ethnic cleansing of Georgians in this separatist region.

Notable Megrelians

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Joshuaproject. Margaluri, Mingrelian of Georgia
  2. ^ Including Abkhazia, where 46,000 Megrels and Georgians
  3. ^ Russian census 2010
  4. ^ Alternately, Mingrelians, Mingrels, or Megrels
  5. ^ David Levinson. Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook, p 34: «Included in the Georgian ethnic and national group are a number of subgroups such as Ajars, Khevsur, and Mingrelians.»
  6. ^ Stuart J. Kaufman Modern Hatreds: The Symbolic Politics of Ethnic War, p 86: «Additionally, the Georgian category includes an array of politically important subgroups especially Mingrelians, Svans and Ajarians»
  7. ^ Stephen F. Jones. Mingrelians. World Culture Encyclopedia. Retrieved on March 29, 2008.
  8. ^ Kevin Tuite The Meaning of Dæl. Symbolic and Spatial Associations of the South Caucasian Goddess of Game Animals. Université de Montréal.
  9. ^ Tunç Aybak Politics of the Black Sea: Dynamics of Cooperation and Conflict, p 185: «...Georgians (Megrels)...»
  10. ^ Andropov, New Challenge to the West, by Arnold Beichman, Mikhail S. Bernstam, p 116: «Georgia consists of three ethnics tribes: Imeretians, Kartvels, and Mingrelians .»
  11. ^ Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict, by Svante E. Cornell, p 142
  12. ^ Political Construction Sites: Nation-building in Russia and the Post-Soviet World, by Pål Kolstø, p 8
  13. ^ R. Wixman. The Peoples of the USSR: An Ethnographic Handbook (s.134)
  14. ^ National population census ZSFSR 1926
  15. ^ Sorosoro.org
  16. ^ [3]
  17. ^ [4]
  18. ^ a b c McCauley, Martin. Who's who in Russia since 1900. Psychology Press, 1997: pg. 1
  19. ^ Rayfield, Donald. Stalin and His Hangmen: The Tyrant and Those Who Killed for Him. Random House Digital, Inc., 2005: pg. 354
  20. ^ Hoiris,Ole. Yurukel, Sefa. Contrasts and solutions in the Caucasus. Aarhus Univ. Press, 1998: pg.187

References

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