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Member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations

██ ASEAN full members
██ ASEAN observers
██ ASEAN candidate members
ASEAN Plus Three
East Asia Summit
ASEAN Regional Forum

As of 2010, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has 10 member states, one candidate member state, and one observer state.

ASEAN was founded on 8 August 1967 with five members: Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand.


  • Lists 1
  • ASEAN member states 2
  • Non-member states 3
    • ASEAN candidate/observer states 3.1
    • ASEAN Plus Three 3.2
    • East Asia Summit 3.3
    • ASEAN Regional Forum 3.4
  • References 4
  • External links 5


A list of member states is provided below. The members of ASEAN Plus Three and the East Asia Summit are also listed. Both forums are ASEAN-led and meetings are held following the ASEAN Summit.

Also listed are participants of the Asia-Pacific region whose objectives are to foster dialogue and consultation, and promote confidence-building and preventive diplomacy in the region.[1]

The ASEAN is an organisation on the Southeast Asian region that aims to accelerate economic growth, social progress, and cultural development among its members and to promote regional peace.[2]

ASEAN member states

Flag Country
GDP per cap.
HDI[4] Currency
Official languages Leaders Accession
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 5,765 j429,646[5] 65 73,233 0.852 Brunei dollar
(BND; B$)
Malay Head of state and government:
Hassanal Bolkiah
7 January 1984
Cambodia Phnom Penh 181,035 g15,708,756[6] 78 3,263 0.584 Cambodian riel
(KHR; ៛)
Khmer Head of state: Norodom Sihamoni
Head of government: Hun Sen
30 April 1999
Indonesia Jakarta 1,904,569 a255,461,700[7] 113 10,641 0.684 Indonesian rupiah
(IDR; Rp)
Indonesian Head of state and government:
Joko Widodo
8 August 1967
Laos Vientiane 236,800 h6,911,544[8] 24 4,987 0.569 Lao kip
(LAK; ₭)
Lao Head of state: Choummaly Sayasone
Head of government: Thongsing Thammavong
23 July 1997
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 329,847 f30,513,848[9] 72 24,654 0.773 Malaysian ringgit
Malay Head of state: Abdul Halim
Head of government: Najib Razak
8 August 1967
Myanmar Naypyidaw 676,578 e51,486,253[10] 81 4,706 0.524 Myanmar kyat
(MMK; K)
Burmese Head of state and government:
Thein Sein
23 July 1997
Philippines Manila 300,000 b101,974,400[11] 295 6,962 0.660 Philippine peso
(PHP; ₱)
Filipino and English Head of state and government:
Benigno Aquino III
8 August 1967
Singapore Singapore 707.1 i5,469,700[12] 6,619 82,762 0.901 Singapore dollar
(SGD; S$)
Malay, Mandarin, English and Tamil Head of state: Tony Tan
Head of government: Lee Hsien Loong
8 August 1967
Thailand Bangkok 513,115 d65,104,000[13] 126 14,354 0.722 Thai baht
(THB; ฿)
Thai Head of state: Bhumibol Adulyadej
Head of government: Prayut Chan-o-cha
8 August 1967
Vietnam Hanoi 331,690 c91,812,000[14] 248 5,635 0.638 Vietnamese đồng
(VND; ₫)
Vietnamese Head of state: Trương Tấn Sang
Head of government: Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
28 July 1995
ASEAN 4,479,210 625,000,000[15] 135 5,869[16] 0.669 (UNDP cal.) Secretary General: Lê Lương Minh

Non-member states

ASEAN candidate/observer states

Flag Country
GDP per cap.
HDI Currency
Official languages Leaders Status
Papua New Guinea[17][18] Port Moresby 462,840 a7,400,000[19] 14.5 2,399 0.491 Papua New Guinean kina
(PGK; K)
English, Tok Pisin and Hiri Motu Head of state: Elizabeth II
Governor-General: Michael Ogio
Head of government: Peter O'Neill
Timor-Leste[20] Dili 14,874 b1,231,116[21] 76.2 4,928 0.620 United States dollar
(USD; $)
Tetum and Portuguese Head of state: Taur Matan Ruak
Head of government: Rui Maria de Araújo

ASEAN Plus Three

The present members of ASEAN together with:

Flag Country
GDP per cap.
HDI Currency
Official languages Leaders
China Beijing 9,640,011 a1,371,790,000[22] 139.6 12,880 0.719 Chinese yuan
(CNY; ¥)
Standard Chinese Head of state: Xi Jinping
Head of government: Li Keqiang
Japan Tokyo 377,873 b126,865,000[23] 337.6 37,390 0.890 Japanese yen
(JPY; ¥)
Japanese (de facto) Head of state: Akihito
Head of government: Shinzo Abe
South Korea Seoul 100,140 c51,448,183[24] 493 35,277 0.891 South Korean won
(KRW; ₩)
Korean Head of state: Park Geun-hye
Head of government: Hwang Kyo-ahn

East Asia Summit

The present members of ASEAN Plus Three together with:

Flag Country
GDP per cap.
HDI Currency
Official languages Leaders
Australia Canberra 7,686,850 d23,881,139[25] 2.833 46,433 0.933 Australian dollar
(AUD; A$)
English (de facto) Head of state: Elizabeth II
Governor-General: Peter Cosgrove
Head of government: Tony Abbott
India New Delhi 3,287,240 a1,276,370,000[26] 364.4 5,855 0.586 Indian rupee
(INR; )
Hindi in Devanagari script,
English and others
Head of state: Pranab Mukherjee
Head of government: Narendra Modi
New Zealand Wellington 268,680 e4,612,280[27] 16.1 35,152 0.910 New Zealand dollar
(NZD; NZ$)
English, Māori and NZ Sign Language Head of state: Elizabeth II
Governor-General: Jerry Mateparae
Head of government: John Key
Russia Moscow 17,075,400 c146,567,880[28] 8.3 24,805 0.778 Russian ruble
(RUB; )
Russian Head of state: Vladimir Putin
Head of government: Dmitry Medvedev
United States Washington, D.C. 9,629,091 b321,719,000[29] 32 54,597 0.914 United States dollar
(USD; $)
English (de facto) Head of state and government:
Barack Obama

ASEAN Regional Forum

The ASEAN Regional Forum is an informal multilateral dialogue of 27 members that seeks to address security issues in the Asia-Pacific region.

The list includes the members of the East Asia Summit plus:

Flag Country
GDP per cap.
HDI Currency
Official languages Leaders
Bangladesh[30] Dhaka 147,570 b159,143,012[31] 1,099.3 3,373 0.558 Bangladeshi taka
(BDT; ৳)
Bengali Head of state: Abdul Hamid
Head of government: Sheikh Hasina Wazed
Canada Ottawa 9,984,670 c35,749,600[32] 3.41 44,843 0.902 Canadian dollar
(CAD; C$)
English and French Head of state: Elizabeth II
Governor-General: David Johnston
Head of government: Stephen Harper
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar 1,564,115 e3,032,606[33] 1.75 11,882 0.698 Mongolian tögrög
(MNT; ₮)
Mongolian Head of state: Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
Head of government: Norovyn Altankhuyag
North Korea Pyongyang 120,540 d25,155,000[34] 198.3 1,8001,800 est. 0.7660.540 (2012 UNDP) North Korean won
(KPW; ₩)
Korean Supreme Leader: Kim Jong-Un
Head of state: Kim Yong-Nam (de jure & de facto)
Head of government: Pak Pong-ju
Pakistan Islamabad 796,095 a191,198,263[35] 214.3 4,736 0.537 Pakistani rupee
(PKR; ₨)
Urdu and English Head of state: Mamnoon Hussain
Head of government: Nawaz Sharif
Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Administrative)
Colombo (Commercial)
65,610 20,771,00[36] 323 10,372 0.750 Sri Lankan rupee
(LKR; රු)
Sinhalese and Tamil Head of state and government: Maithripala Sirisena
European Union Brussels (de facto) 4,324,782 508,191,116[37] 115.9 37,607 0.8760.876 (UNDP cal.) Euro (EUR; €) and 10 others Various Head of state: Donald Tusk (Council)
Head of government: Jean-Claude Juncker (Commission)


  1. ^ About Us, ASEAN Regional Forum official website. Retrieved 12 June 2006
  2. ^ Overview, ASEAN Secretariat official website. Retrieved 12 June 2006
  3. ^ at purchasing power parity, per capita, in international dollars (IMF 2015 est.)
  4. ^ at Human Development Index (2014 est. for 2013)
  5. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population Projection by Province, 2010-2035". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  8. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  9. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  10. ^ "The 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census Highlights of the Main Results Census Report Volume 2 – A". Department of Population Ministry of Immigration and Population. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  11. ^ "Republic of the Philippines Department of Health - Commission on Population (Region III)". Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  12. ^ . Department of Statistics Singapore Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  13. ^ "Population of Thailand, 2015 (Vol.24 : January 2015)". Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  14. ^ "Population Projection for Vietnam, 2009 - 2049". General Statistics Office of Vietnam. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  15. ^ "Selected basic ASEAN indicators" (PDF). ASEAN Stats. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  16. ^ "ASEAN Community in Figures 2013" (PDF). The ASEAN Secretariat. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  17. ^ Papua New Guinea asks RP support for Asean membership bid Retrieved 8 July 2009
  18. ^ Somare seeks PGMA's support for PNG's ASEAN membership bid Retrieved 8 July 2009
  19. ^ "Papua New Guinea Population 2015". World Population Review. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  20. ^ East Timor ASEAN Bid Retrieved 28 July 2006
  21. ^ "The World Factbook". CIA. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  22. ^ "Official Population Clock". National Bureau Statistics of China. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  23. ^ "Population Estimates by Age (5 Year Age Group) and Sex". Statistics Japan. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  24. ^ "Monthly Official Estimate". Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  25. ^ "Official Population Clock". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  26. ^ "Official Population Clock". Indiastat. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  27. ^ "Official Population Clock". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  28. ^ "Official Population Clock". Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  29. ^ "U.S. and World Population Clock". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  30. ^ Bangladesh joins ASEAN Regional Forum, Hindustan Times, 22 July 2006.
  31. ^ "Official Population Clock". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  32. ^ "Canada's population estimates, first quarter 2015". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  33. ^ "Official Population Clock". National Statistics Office of Mongolia. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  34. ^ "World Population Prospects" (PDF). United Nations. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  35. ^ "Pakistan Population Clock". Population Welfare Department (Punjab). Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  36. ^ "Revised Mid-year Population Estimates by District and Sex 2012 - 2014" (PDF). Registrar General's Department. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 
  37. ^ "Population on 1 January". eurostat. Retrieved 30 August 2015. 

External links

  • ASEAN Secretariat
  • ASEAN Regional Forum
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